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    网购图表英语作文

    来源:书业网 时间:2017-01-15

    篇一:英语图表作文

    文都教育:07大学英语四六级讲义——四级写作(下)

    第四节 题型分析

    在本节中我们将以题型为依据进行分析讲解,以掌握各种题目的写作方法与技巧。下面就按照题型不同,分别进行讨论。

    一、 图表图画题型 (Graphs/Tables and Cartoons/Pictures) 表格和图表题型

    表格和图表题型是大学英语写作中较为常见的题型之一,也是难度较大的一种写作题型,故大家应对此类题型加强练习,熟练掌握。

    表格和图表题型写作注意事项

    ? 仔细研究题目以及提示信息,看准、看清图表中的数字、线条、阴影等部分

    的变化趋势和走向,然后根据图表所显示的中心信息确定内容层次以及主题

    句。

    ? 仔细观察分析图表所给出的大量信息,从中选取最重要,最有代表性,最核

    心的信息,然后根据全文的主旨去组织运用所获取的关键信息,切忌简单地罗

    列图表所给出的信息。

    ? 表格和图表题型写作一般采用一般现在时,但如果图表给出了具体时间参照,

    则应对时态进行相应的调整。

    ? 表格和图表题型要求考生使用一些固定句型和表达法,大家应对此融会贯通。 ? 表格和图表题型可以细分为表格,曲线图、柱形图和圆形图。除了上述共同

    要点,还应弄懂这四种图在写作方面的各自特点。

    ? 表格形式要求考生对表格中所给出的大量数字进行比较分析,从中找

    出其变化规律。

    ? 曲线图形式要求考生认真观察坐标系所显示的数据信息,并且密切注

    意交汇在坐标横轴和纵轴上的数字及单位。

    ? 柱形图形式要求考生通过宽度相等的柱形的高度或长度差别来判断

    事物的动态发展趋势,故考生应密切关注坐标线上的刻度单位及图表

    旁边的提示说明与文字。

    ? 圆形图形式旨在要求考生准确理解并阐述一个被分割成大小不等切

    片的圆形图所传达的信息。考生应清楚掌握部分与整体,部分与部分

    之间的相互关系,这种关系通常是以百分比的数字形式给出的。

    ? 列出各段的主题句。考生可以根据所给提纲或已知信息列出每段的主题句,

    为全文的展开铺平道路。

    ? 严格围绕主题句展开段落。

    ? 检查与修改。表格与图表写作的检查与修改应着重检查文章中所列举的信息

    是否与图表所显示的信息一致。

    表格和图表题型写作中常用的核心句型归纳如下:

    1. According to the figures given in the table,…

    2. This chart shows that...

    3. As is shown by the graph,...

    4. It can be seen from the statistics (chart \diagram \table graph\ figures)that...

    5. It is generally believed(accepted\ thought\ held) that …

    6. There is slight (slow\ steady\ rapid)increase (decrease\ decline \reduction\fall\drop\rise) in demand(income.\population\prices\production).

    7. be on the increase (decrease\ rise \decline)(...在不断地增加,减少,上升,下降)

    8. From the table (figures\data\results\information),it can be seen (concluded\shown\estimated\calculated\inferred) that…

    9. During the period 1900—2000 (From 1900—2000\Since 1900\For a decade, from 1905—2005 )

    其它常用表达Other Useful Expressions and Structures:

    介绍图表

    As is shown/described/illustrated/indicated/revealed in the cartoon/picture/graph/chart/table, ... As can be clearly seen from the cartoon…

    What a vivid picture it is! It tells us that…

    According to the table..., As can be seen from the table..., It can be seen from the table...

    It is self-evident that…, It goes without saying that…, There is no denying the fact that…

    统计数据的表达方法

    increase/fall slightly/a little/sharply/dramatically/drastically from...to..., skyrocket/soar/rise/ decline/jump from…to…

    remain steady at..., level off at…, peak at..., reach the climax at..., reach the low at…, account for...

    twice/three... times as many/much as..., one fifth/a quarter/a third/a half of...

    数据变化的表达方法

    The number/amount of...increased/jumped/rose/decreased/dropped/fell/ suddenly/rapidly/ dramatically/ sharply/ steadily/ gradually/ slowly/slightly from...to...

    There was a sudden/rapid/dramatic/significant/sharp/steady/gradual/slow/slight increase/jump/rise/ decrease/drop/fall in the number/amount of...from...to...

    开头和结尾的常用句型

    The two graphs describe the same thing seen in two different ways. The first diagram simply records…The second graph throws a new light on…

    The key findings taken fro

    网购图表英语作文

    m the surveys are as follows:…

    This table provides several important points of comparison between A and B.

    一般图表作文的特征主要体现在第一段,该段的任务是描述图表同时点明图表所要表达的主题或说明的问题,如:

    As is shown in the table (or in the picture)...dropped from... in 1994 to...in 1996.According to the figures given in the table, ...has great increased (or decreased) in the past...years (or decades), reaching...in 1996. From the table we can also see that there has been a sharp decline

    (or rise) in...It is clear that

    大家看下面的实例,注意体会图表作文的写作特点:

    实例1----2002年6月真题

    Directions: For this part you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Student Use of Computers. You should write at least 120 words and base your composition on the chart and the outline given below

    20

    18

    16

    14

    12

    10

    8

    6

    4

    2

    199019952000

    Year

    Average number of hours a student spends on the computer per week

    1. 上图所示为1990年、1995年、2002年某校大学生事业计算机的情况,请描述其变化;

    2. 请说明发生这些变化的原因(可从计算机的用途、价格或社会发展等方面加以说明);

    3. 你认为目前大学生在计算机使用中有什么困难或问题。

    Model Composition the drop in prices of computers, more students could afford computers, were applied to wider and wider use and students had to take advantage of this modern invention. many students still have no computers of their own. (172 words)

    实例2----1991年6月真题

    ? Give possible reasons for the changes.

    ? Draw your own conclusion

    Model Composition

    , more expensive food with better nutrition owing to the increase of their income.

    people’s living standard improved remarkably in the five years from 1986 to 1990. they will live more and more comfortably and healthily in the future. (128 words)实例3

    ? 分析原因(高校扩招使毕业生供给大于需求,很多毕业生只愿留在大城

    市,毕业生的专业不适合社会需要等)

    ? 给出解决问题的办法。

    Model Composition

    more and more college graduates are out of a job in our country, which is a serious problem to our economic development and social security. in 2002.

    students has grown by more than 30% annually since 1998, more and more students are thrown do not want to work in medium-sized and small cities or towns they are most needed. the government should develop our national economy more rapidly, more job

    these ways can we hope to solve the problem. (201 words)

    实例4

    ? Explain the reasons for the changes;

    ? Draw your conclusions.

    图画作文

    除了表格和图表题目,还有与其类似的图画题目。图画写作是较难的题型,虽然大学英语四级考试一直未曾采用,但近年来新题型频繁出现,象报告、公众演讲、导游解说都已考过,故防患于未然,该题型也是大家应该掌握的。

    首先看一下图画题型写作注意事项:

    ? 详细查看图画。对图画进行全面而细致的研究,尤其注意图画中人或物(人与

    物)的体貌表情特征和背景,确定人物之间,人物与背景之间的主要关系,以

    便正确掌握图画所传达的信息。

    ? 如果图画以系列形式(既两幅以上)出现,考生除了掌握每一幅图画的信息,

    还应该对图画之间的相应联系有所理解,从而在整体上把握图画所传达的信息。

    ? 面对图画题型,应该展开合理而丰富的联想,用生动而恰当的言辞抒发自己对

    图画的所思所想所感。

    ? 注意图画题型中的文字提示。文字提示非常重要,文字提示通常十分清楚地提

    供一些写作要点。

    ? 草拟提纲,合理组织材料。根据图画内容的不同采用不同的段落发展方式。如

    果画面内容是以描述为主,即按空间方位或时间先后顺序排列,可采用“开头

    ——扩展——结尾”的写作方式。如果画面内容是以解释说明为主,写作时则先

    给出主题句,再围绕主题句完成各段落的写作,这是采用“主题句——扩展句

    ——总结句”的写作方式。

    ? 系统且突出地展开段落。展开段落要根据画面内容进行,同时也要围绕每一段

    的主题句进行。

    ? 检查与修改。重点检查图画内容是否准确地被表达出来,题目所给提示是否完

    整地反映在文章之中。如果存在与画面不相符的内容,或未能完全涵盖题目所

    给提示,应对文章做出相应修订。

    ?

    大家看下面的实例,注意体会图画作文的写作特点:

    实例1

    The Harmfulness of Smoking

    1. Show your understanding of the symbolic meaning of the cartoon;

    篇二:英语图表作文范文

    How People Spent Their Holidays

    As can be seen from the table, the past decade have witnessed dramatic changes in the way people spent their holiday between 1990 and 2000.In 1990, 63% of people spent their holidays at home, while the figure dropped

    considerably to 24% in 2000. It is obvious from the table that people tended to be more and more mobile, and they wanted to get entertainment in the outside world.

    What contributed to these changes? I think the reasons are as follows. To start with, with the rapid development of economy, people earn by far more money than they used to. Thus, people are able to afford traveling expenses. Secondly, people think it important to get well-informed about the outside world in this new era when everything is on the move. Traveling, of course, is a sure way to achieve this goal. What's more, in this competitive society, people are usually under great stress. However, it is not difficult to find traveling an

    effective way to relieve people's stress and get relaxation. Last but not least, by traveling outside, people are close to nature, which is not only beneficial to both their health and peace of mind.

    In conclusion, people prefer to go traveling rather than stay at home during holidays for a combination of reasons. Moreover, it seems that this trend will last in the foreseeable future.

    人口增长对野生动物的影响(99年真题)

    [2.图画/图表描述段] From these graphs, we can draw a conclusion that, with the growth of human population, the number of species has decreased rapidly in America, and some species have even vanished from our planet.

    [6.原因列军段]Why does this phenomenon appear? There are several possible reasons for this. Above all, as the human population grows rapidly, a growing number of people came to live where some wild species have been living. Then these species have to move to other places. Some of them probably can not adapt to the new environment and die. In addition, although many people look on the wildlife as their friends, some people may not think so. They catch a lot of wild animals and sell them in order to get more money. Even worse(坏)/More importantly(好), as the result(中性) /consequence(贬义)of the industry, the natural balance and the ecologic environment are destroyed. The clear cutting has become increasingly serious. So some of the wildlife become homeless and extinct.

    [10.建议措施段]In order to protect the wildlife, I have some suggestions. First, the governments should make laws to prevent them from being caught and killed. Second, the governments should educate people to love nature and protect it. Third, as for ourselves, we should take practical actions to protect our living environment.

    烟草生产和消费(01年大纲样题)

    [1.现象/现状说明段]The majority of people would agree that cigarette smoking has caused serious problems. But the tobacco companies insist that they contribute greatly to the world economy by paying taxes to the government and employing hundreds of workers.

    [4.利弊说明段]Personally, I believe that cigarette production and consumption threatens to do more harm than good. Firstly, smoking is responsible for many fatal diseases such

    as lung cancer, heart diseases and so on. According to the survey, tobacco consumers account for about 20% of the world population, and among them, three million people die from smoking-related diseases every year. The fact that the output of tobacco production is reduced from 143.64 billion pounds in 1994 to 142 billion pounds in 1995 also suggests that people have come to realize the negative effects of smoking. Secondly, tobacco consumption is extremely wasteful of money. As is indicated in the pictures, 200 billion US dollars is lost due to smoking each year. Obviously, the total loss of money around the globe substantially exceeds the gain in the industry.

    [8.归纳结论段]In conclusion, as the economic development aims at making our life better, we cannot sacrifice our health for short-term financial benefits. If we have to spend more and more money providing medical services for those who suffer from smoking-related illnesses, the notion of promoting economy via tobacco production is not justifiable. It is high time that we fought for the total tobacco ban.

    日用花销统计

    Statistics in People's Daily Expenses in Xi'an

    YearItem 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

    Food 66% 61% 48% 41% 36%

    Clothing 9% 10% 12% 15% 18%

    Recreation 4% 5% 8% 9% 11%

    [2.图画/图表描述段]What is shown in the table above indicates that dramatic changes have taken place in the daily expenses in Xi' an from 1995 to 1999. The expenses on f

    ood have declined by 30% while those on clothing and recreation have increased respectively by 9% and 7%. The statistics of rise and fall seem to exist in isolation but closely related to one another.

    [6.原因列军段]There are two factors accounting for these changes. Development in economy is an essential one in the five years. The increased income resulting from economic growth plays an important part in the less expense on food. Hence, a small percentage of total income is enough to cover food expense. Another one is the changes in life style. When food presents no worry to the average, people begin to focus more of interest on handsome appearance and happy leisure time. As a result of such a shift, spending on clothing and recreation increased year after year.

    [9.趋势预测段]From the analyses made above, we may come to the conclusion that people's living standards in Xi' an have been constantly improved between 1995 and 1999. With the further growth in economy and more changes in life style, the tendency indicated in the table will continue in the table will continue in the better direction.

    【段落类型分析】

    第一段第二段 第三段

    图画/图表描述段 原因阐释段 建议措施段

    【参考范文一】

    From these graphs, we can draw a conclusion that, with the growth of human population, the number of species has decreased rapidly in America, and some species have even vanished from our planet.

    There are numerous reasons accounting for the phenomenon and I would like to explore a few of the most important ones here. Above all, as the human population grows rapidly, a growing number of people came to live where some wild species have been living. Then these species have to move to other places. Some of them probably can not adapt to the new

    environment and die. In addition, although many people look on the wildlife as their friends, some people may not think so. They catch a lot of wild animals and sell them in order to get more money. Consequently, the natural balance and the ecologic environment are destroyed. The clear cutting has become increasingly serious. So some of the wildlife become homeless and extinct.

    In order to protect the wildlife, I have some suggestions. First, the governments should make laws to prevent them from being caught and killed. Second, the governments should educate people to love nature and protect it. Third, as for ourselves, we should take practical actions to protect our living environment. (210 words)

    Directions:

    A Study the following pie chart carefully and write an essay of about 200 words within 40 minutes.

    B Your essay must be written neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2.

    C Your essay should meet the requirements below:

    1 Describe the pie chart.

    2 State the possible benefits brought about by the investment.

    3 Suggest measures helping to attract investment from outside

    Investment in Beijing from Different Countries and Regions

    篇三:2016高考英语二轮复习:书面表达——图表作文(含答案)

    高中英语书面表达——图表作文

    1、“中国梦”已经成为一个社会热点话题,根据最近央视的社会调查,不同的人群有不同的梦想。请结合表格提示,用英语写一篇关于“中国梦(Chinese Dream)”的演讲稿在你校将要举行的英语演讲比赛中进行演讲。

    注意:

    1. 对所给提示逐一陈述, 适当发挥,不要简单翻译。 2. 词数100 左右。开头已经写好, 不计入总词数。

    3. 作文中不得提及有关考生个人身份的任何信息,如校名、人名等。 Chinese Dream

    “Chinese Dream” has become a hot topic among Chinese people. According to a recent survey by CCTV, different groups of people have different dreams.

    2、某互联网消费调研中心对网络购物进行了调查,结果如下。请根据表格1所给信息描述人们选择网络购物的不同原因,并针对表格2中任意一个数据所反映的情况谈谈你的看法.。 注意:1 词数120左右

    2 文章开头已经给出,不计入总词数。

    表格一 (网购最吸引用户的方面) 表格二 (网购用户最担心的方面)

    Recently, a survey about online shopping has been conducted on the Internet. ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________

    3、假如你是高中三年级的学生李华,你在学校组织了一项“有烦恼向谁说”的调查活动。

    请用英语给校报编辑写一封信,反映相关情况。内容包括:调查结果(如下图所示)、持相应想法的理由及你对调查结果的看法。

    注意:1.信的开头和结尾已经给出,但不计人总词数 2.词数为80左右。 Dear Editor,

    I am a Senior Three student. Recently we have carried out a survey---"To whom do you go when in trouble?" The results are as follows.

    __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Yours sincerely, Li Hua

    4、下列表格为某市2005年与2015年人们度假方式的情况比较,请按表格内容写一篇120词左右的短文,并对度假方式变化原因加以简要评析。

    注意:1.词数100左右。

    2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 3. 开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    5、随着高考的临近,部分住校生要求搬出学生宿舍,在学校附近租房子住。请你根据下表提供的内容,写一篇英语短文,阐述学生和家长的观点,并表达自己的看法。

    注意: 1.陈述所有要点,可适当发挥,不要简单翻译。 2.词数120—150(开头已写好,不计入总词数)。 3.参考词汇:熄灯制度—blackout rule

    With the college entrance examination approaching day by day, some senior three students are moving out from their dorms and living in a rented apartment near their schools.

    6、你们学校学生会最近组织了一次“有烦恼/冲突时向谁倾诉”的调查活动。请根据以下的调查数据,用英语给校报写一篇新闻稿,反映调查结果。 【写作内容】

    【写作要求】

    1.只能使用5个句子表达全部内容; 2.短文的开头已为你写好,不计入句子总数。

    【评分标准】

    句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。

    Recently the Student Union has carried out a survey—“To whom do you go when in trouble/conflict?” The results are as follows.

    7、绿色食品在人们的生活中变得越来越受欢迎,你们班就“人们是否一定要吃绿色食品”进行了讨论,请你根据下表的内容写一篇短文,反映表中内容,并简要阐述自己的观点。文章开头已给出, 不计入总字数。

    注意:1.词数不少于100;

    2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 Should People Eat Green Food?

    8、假如你是某中学学生李华。最近,你班同学正在参加21世纪英文报“大

    家谈”栏目的一个讨论。本次话题为:“父母有没有必要陪读? 请你根据下表所列情况给报社写一封信,客观地介绍讨论的情况。