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    四级英语作文跑题

    来源:书业网 时间:2017-01-14

    篇一:英语四级作文如何避免跑题

    外教一对一

    英语四级作文如何避免跑题

    1个宗旨

    一个经典的四六级作文主题,应该能够给考生"带来一定教育意义",能启发考生去"弘扬、践行某种积极的价值观、品质",抑或是启发考生去"规避、解决某种负面的现象,用正确和积极的方式进行取代"。如果考生能够从这个"宗旨"的角度、站在命题人的立场来思考作文的题目、提炼文章的主旨,多半不会跑题。

    一般建议在作文的最后一段点出作文的宗旨,也即我们所说的"点题"。文章最后一段重申和强调作文主题,使阅卷老师非常轻松地找到文章的主旨,判断考生是否"切题",给阅卷老师节省了时间,自然会得到一些额外的"好感分"。

    2个范围

    任何一个作文题目,如果能够成为一个"可以让人探讨的话题",势必需要"事关人"或者"事关物",也许不要"事关重大",但是必须是有话可说的。

    "人"或"物",就是四六级作文的两个命题范围:

    (1)关于"人"的文章,一般涉及"个人成长成功、心态、哲理话题、价值观、品质、习惯"等"较为抽象"的话题。这种话题重在强调人的"内在品质",强调"积极意义、教育价值",命题旨在教育考生"做一个什么样的人"。因此,与人有关的"成长类、心态类和哲理类话题"是第一个命题的范围。

    (2)关于"物"的文章,一般涉及"社会事务、社会现象"等较为"具体、实在"的话题。这种话题重在强调"社会事件和现象",旨在考察考生的"观察问题、分析问题、解决问题"的实质能力。诸如2012年6月的四级考试"excessive package of products"(商品过度包装)、2012年12月四级考试education pays (教育的回报)以及2013年6月六级的地球资源与人类的需求和贪婪,考察的都是关于"物"的实在现象。

    外教一对一 3种属性

    所谓"属性",说的是作文的话题的"性别"--作文的话题是正面的、负面的还是中性的?确定了作文的"属性",加上作文考察的"范围",对整个文章的展开会有重大的作用。

    正如数学概念中的"坐标轴",有"原点、负面和正面"三个概念。作文的主题,也同样可以分为"中性话题、负面话题和正面话题"三类。通常而言,

    (1)"负面、消极话题"需要在作文的二、三段阐述这个负面话题产生的原因、危害弊端和解决的措施策略;

    (2)"中性一般话题"需要阐述这个话题或现象产生的原因,并且适当发表个人见解看法;

    (3)"正面、积极话题“,则尽量论述这个话题的意义、重要性和价值以及这个话题对考生带来的启发。

    更多英语学习知识请关注英语口语班

    篇二:2015年英语四级写作评分标准

    2015年英语四级写作评分标准

    目的:测试学生用英语书面表达思想的能力,能够直接有效地测出考生综合使用语言的能力,较准确地反映考生的英语水平。

    要求: 大学英语作文测试要求考生能够运用学到的语言知识,按规定的题目要求,在30分钟内写出一篇120个词左右的短文,语义连贯,表达正确,无重大语法错误。题目的内容包括科技,社会,文化,或日常生活等方面的一般常识。题目形式多种多样,有提纲作文,段首句作文,关键词作文,图表作文,书信作文,和规定情景作文等。

    评分原则

    四级作文题采用总体评分方法。阅卷人员就总的印象给出奖励分,而不是按语言点的错误数目扣分。

    从内容和语言两个方面对作文进行综合评判。内容和语言是一个统一体。作文应表达题目所规定的内容,而内容要通过语言来表达。要考虑作文是否切题,是否充分表达思想,也要考虑是否用英语清楚而适切的表达思想,也就是要考虑语言上的错误是否造成理解上的障碍

    .写作的标准

    14(99)分 文章切题。文字通顺,条理清楚,无重大语言错误,仅有个别小错。

    11(78)分 文章切题。文字通顺,条理清楚,但有少量语言错误。

    8(56)分 基本切题。有些地方表达不清,文字勉强连贯,语言错误相当多,有些是严重错误

    5(35)分 基本切题。思想表达不清,连贯性差,有较多的语言严重错误。

    2(14)分 条理不清,思路紊乱,语言支离破碎,大部分有错误,且多数为严重错误

    英语四级作文高分技巧

    大学四级考试写作的评分依据是:文章切题,条理清楚,语言准确和字数符合要求。所谓切题就是看你写的作文跑不跑题。所谓条理是每一段的议论的正反清楚,描述的时间正确。语言准确要求作文的语法词汇使用正确,符合英语表达习惯。四级作文的字数要求不少于100字。针对四级考试的作文要求我们提出十二句作文法,这里所说的十二句作文法不仅包括一般英文写作的方法而且包括一套行之有效的写作方法。它的具体内容有以下几点。

    一、审题

    我们拿到作文后第一件要做的事就是审题。审题的作用在于使你写作不跑题(如果跑题,条理和语言再好,也得不到及格分,甚至0分。)那末审题要审什麽呢?

    1.体裁(议论文,说明文,描述文)

    审题就是要审作文的题材和体裁。因为什末样的体裁就会用什末样的题材去写。那末体裁包括那些呢?它包括议论文,说明文和描述文。从近些年看,四级作文不是单一的体裁,而是几种体裁的杂合体。例如:Directions: For this part ,your are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topicTrying to Be A Good University Student .You should write at least 100 words and you shouldbase your composition on the outline (given in Chinese ) below :

    1.做合格大学生的必要性

    2.做合格大学生的必备条件(可以从德智体方面谈)

    3.我计划这样做

    很多人说这种类型的作文是议论文。这是片面的,因为,第一段要求写"...必要性",这说明本段体裁是议论文;第二段要求写"

    ...必备条件",这说明本段要求写说明文;儿地三段要求写"...这样做",这说明本段要求写描述文。所以在大多数情形下,四级作文是三种体裁的杂合体。

    2.根据不同体裁确定写作方法

    我们审题的目的就是根据不同体裁确定不同的写作方法。通过审题,我们可以看出四级作文大都是三段式。如上例第一段为议论体,第二段为说明体,地三段为描述体。而各种文体又不同的写作方式: 议论文;要有论点和论据,而且往往从正反两方面来论述。例如上面第一段的思路是:做合格大学生,会怎末样(这是从正面论述);不能做合格的大学生,会怎末样(从反面论述);所以我们要做合格的大学生(结了论)。

    说明文:可以从几方面或几条来说明一个问题,就上作文而言,可以从方面(德智体)来说明合格大学生的必要性。

    描述文:一"人"为中心描述一个"做"的过程。与上两段相比,本段的主语多为人称代词,他要与第二段相互应进行描述。

    二 确定主题句

    通过审题,我们知道该如何确定正确的写作思路。下边我们就谈如何些。第一部就

    是要写主题句。主题句是确保不跑题的前提,只有不跑题才有可得及格分。写主题句嘴保险的方法就是把中文提纲的各句译成英语。例如上述三段主题句分别为:

    1.It is very necessary to be a good university student . (议论体的主题句)

    2.There are several respects of necessities to be a good university student .(说明体的主题句)

    3.What I will do in the future is the following .(描述体主题句)

    如果要求句是英语就可以把它变成主题句,例如这样一篇作文:

    Good Health

    1.Importance of good health

    2.Ways to keep fit

    3.My own practice

    这样的作文的要求句就可以扩充成主题句。扩充后三段的主题句分别为:

    1.It is very important to have good health .(将名词 importance变成形容词important)

    2.There are four ways to keep fit for me .(用 there be 句型)

    3.My own practices are the following .(采用原词)

    三、条理清楚

    保证不跑提示写作当中第一任务,第二个重要任务就是要做到条理清楚。对于议论文来说,正反面要清楚,对于说明文来说条理要清楚,对于描述文来说,谁干什么要清楚。就拿上例Good health 来说,第一段保持正反面要清楚救应这样写:正面(With good health ,we can...),反面(Without good health ,we cando nothing .We can't do...)

    为了使文章更具有条理性,我们可以用first(ly) second(ly) third(ly)等副词,他们可以是文章的条例性更加突出。作文是主观题,想得告分就必须引起老师的主意,老师的时间很短(每篇作文只有一两分钟就要阅完),所以我们在列调试最好不用: To be with,... after that ,...And then, ... The next , ... Thefollowing , ... As last ... 。因为用这样的词语不利于老师看出你作文的条理性。

    四、保证作文符合字数要求的十二句作文法

    考生一般都希望作文达到字数而又不至于写得太多,因为写得太多一方面暴露自己语言上的弱点,另一方面又会占用过多的时间。写得太多还易跑题,一个有效的方法就是十二句作文法。

    我们知道,四级作文都是三段式。我们算一下,如果我们在每一段中写上四句,即主题句加两三句扩展句和一个结论句就可以了。这样全片在十二句左右,每一句十多个词,就又120-150个字。大家可以试图找一些作文题练一练。

    篇三:四级英语作文整理

    今天上午四级写作再次体现了强烈的反押题倾向:考察了四级从未考察而六级一直考察的引语评论型作文,很多同学措手不及。2012年6月之前,四级写作重点考察中文提纲作文。2012年12月,时隔十年之后,四级写作再次考察图表作文。2013年6月和12月,四级写作开天辟地考察了图画作文。2014年6月和12月,四级写作再次出其不意考察类似于描写文的情景作文。2015年6月,(转 载于:wWW.cSsYq.cOM 书业网:四级英语作文跑题)四级写作杀个回马枪考察图画作文。在大多数机构和考察都预测今年12月考察图画作文之际,今天上午再次攻其不备考察了六级写作从2013年6月开始持续考察的引语评论型作文,或称名言警句作文。现分别解析如下:

    (一)Directions:

    For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on the saying “Never go out there to see what happens, go out there to make something happen.”You can cite examples to illustrate the importance of being participants rather than mere onlookers in life. You should write at least 120 words, no more than 180 words.

    参考译文:指令:对于本部分,允许你使用30分钟,针对“绝不要只是出去看看发生了什么,而要出去做一些事情”这句话,写一篇短论文。你可以引用例子来阐释不只做生活的旁观者而是要做参与者的重要性。你应该写至少120词,但不多于180词。很多同学由于词汇量太小或语法基础薄弱,看不懂题目。其实无须过于担心,只要认识participant(参与)即可,本题即是阐述参与的重要性,是一篇人生哲理类文章。四级写作已经六次考察人生哲理类考题,分别是:1992-1:Is Failure a Bad Thing? (失败是否一件坏事),1995-1:Can Money Buy Happiness? (金钱是否能买来幸福),1997-1:Practice Makes Perfect (熟能生巧),2003-1:It Pays to Be Honest (诚实是值得的),2011-12:Nothing Succeeds Without a Strong Will (成功需要坚强的意志)和2013-6:The Importance of Doing Small Things Before Undertaking Something Big(做大事之前做小事的重要性)。在新东方在线四级写作基础班,笔者提供了人生哲理类钻石句型,强化班笔者讲解了人生哲理类真题并提供了范文。在笔者今年11月出版的《四级写作与翻译终极预测20篇》中,第10-12篇均为人生哲理类范文,尤其是第11篇,几乎全文均可使用。12月17日,笔者在新浪微博“新东方王江涛”中发布了“15年12月四级写作十大预测范文”,其中第5篇即人生哲理,几乎全文均可使用。如果考生认真准备过,并不难写。本文第一段应该通过引语引出主题:参与的重要性,第二段可以通过列举自己身边或社会热点例子支持自己的观点,第三段可以进行归纳结论或提出建议措施。考生如果未能审清题目或写作稍有偏题,也无需过于担心,只要卷面尚可、没有太多严重的语言错误、跑题不是太远,都可以取得及格的成绩。

    (二)Directions:

    For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on the saying “Learning is a daily experience and a lifetime mission.”You can cite examples to illustrate the importance of lifelong learning. You should write at least 120 words, no more than 180 words.

    参考译文:指令:对于本部分,允许你使用30分钟,针对“学习是一种日常经历和一种终生使命”这句话,写一篇短论文。你可以引用例子来阐释终身学习的重要性。你应该写至少120词,但不多于180词。

    很多同学由于词汇量太小或语法基础薄弱,看不懂题目。其实无须过于担心,只要认识learning(学习)即可,本题即是阐述学习的重要性,是一篇关于学习的教育文化类考题。四级写作已经九次考察人生哲理类考题,分别是:2000-6:Is a Test of Spoken English Necessary? (口语考试是否必要),2007-12:What Electives to Choose? (选择什么选修课),2010-6:Due Attention Should Be Spent to Spelling (我们应该充分重视拼写),2012-12:Education Pays (教育回报),2012-12:Academic Plagiarism(学术抄袭),2013-6:The Importance of Learning Basic Skills (学习基本能力的重要性),2013-12:The Impact of Internet on Learning(互联网对学习的影响),2014-12:A Course That Has Impressed You Most in College (大学中我印象最深的一门课),2015-6:Why Am I Going to School If My Phone Already Knows Everything? (如果我的手机已经知道一切,为什么我要去上学)。在新东方在线四级写作基础班,笔者提供了教育文化类钻石句型,强化班本人讲解了教育文化类真题并提供了范文。在笔者今年11月出版的《四级写作与翻译终极预测20篇》中,第1-5篇均为教育文化范文,尤其是第1篇,几乎全文均可使用;同时,该书提供了十大万能框架,第3、7两篇框架很多表达均可使用。12月17日,笔者在新浪微博中发布了“15年12月四级写作十大预测范文”,其中第1篇即教育,几乎全文均可使用。本文第一段应该通过引语引出主题:学习的重要性,第二段可以通过列举自己身边或社会热点例子支持自己的观点,第三段可以进行归纳结论或提出建议措施。考生如果未能审清题目或写作稍有偏题,也无需过于担心,只要卷面尚可、没有太多严重的语言错误、跑题不是太远,都可以取得及格的成绩。

    (三)Directions:

    For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on the saying “Listening is more important than talking.”You can cite examples to illustrate the importance of listening. You should write at least 120 words, no more than 180 words.

    参考译文:指令:对于本部分,允许你使用30分钟,针对“聆听比言说更重要”这句话,写一篇短论文。你可以引用例子来阐释聆听的重要性。你应该写至少120词,但不多于180词。很多同学由于词汇量太小或语法基础薄弱,看不懂题目。其实无须过于担心,只要认识listening(聆听)即可,本题即是阐述聆听的重要性,是一篇人生哲理类文章。四级写作已经六次考察人生哲理类考题,分别是:1992-1:Is Failure a Bad Thing? (失败是否一件坏事),1995-1:Can Money Buy Happiness? (金钱是否能买来幸福),1997-1:Practice Makes Perfect (熟能生巧),2003-1:It Pays to Be Honest (诚实是值得的),2011-12:Nothing Succeeds Without a Strong Will (成功需要坚强的意志)和2013-6:The Importance of Doing Small Things Before Undertaking Something Big(做大事之前做小事的重要性)。

    在新东方在线四级写作基础班,笔者提供了人生哲理类钻石句型,强化班本人讲解了人生哲理类真题并提供了范文。在笔者今年11月出版的《四级写作与翻译终极预测20篇》中,第10-12篇均为人生哲理类范文,尤其是第11篇,几乎全文均可使用。12月17日,笔者在新浪微博中发布了“15年12月四级写作十大预测范文”,其中第5篇即人生哲理,几乎全文均可使用。

    本文第一段应该通过引语引出主题:聆听的重要性,第二段可以通过列举自己身边或社会热点例子支持自己的观点,第三段可以进行归纳结论或提出建议措施。

    考生如果未能审清题目或写作稍有偏题,也无需过于担心,只要卷面尚可、没有太多严重的语言错误、跑题不是太远,都可以取得及格的成绩。

    综上所述,如果考生在考前认真准备过,今年的四级写作其实只是纸老虎,并不难写。

    值得一提的是,今年12月四级翻译考察了关于“丽江古镇”的一篇翻译文章,而2014年6月四级写作考察过关于推荐景点的作文,笔者出版的《三大名师四级真题超详解及复习指导》中提供的范文即关于“丽江古镇”的,很多背过的同学感觉轻而易举。同样,笔者在新东方在线冲刺班和《终极预测》中提供过关于“文化交流”的写作范文,很多同学四级翻译今天考察了”文化交流“,感觉若有神助。

    今年12月的四级写作考题再次提醒广大考生:四级写作必须尽早复习,切勿过分依赖考前押题或万能模板,扎扎实实提高英语(精品课)实力才是获得高分的关键!

    2015年12月英语四级作文真题:活到老学到老

    For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the saying “Learning is a daily experience and a life long mission.”You can cite examples to illustrate the importance of life long learning. You should write at least 120 words, no more than 180 words.

    参考范文1:

    Currently in this constantly changing world, learning becomes a seemingly convenient but actually more complex matter. As an old saying goes,”Learning is a daily experience and a life time mission”.Apparently, the meaning of this saying is that if we truly desire to learn something, we are supposed to devote our life to it.There are several reasons accounting for this view point.For one thing, learning itself is an actually

    complicated and painful matter, and as a result, it is advisable for us to commit much more time even our whole life to it. For another, it is exceedingly obvious that we are easy to forget what we learned, and accordingly, the significance of lifetime learning cannot be ignored. For example, memorizing vocabulary is commonly the first step of preparing for an English test. However, it is pretty difficult for us to put a huge number of new words in our mind. Therefore, we can divide these words into some groups and spend some hours each day on it in order to remember and understand these words.

    To sum up, lifelong learning lays a solid foundation to the development of ourselves, and only when we realize the significance of lifetime learning can we understand the essence of learning.

    2: Learning is a daily experience and lifetime mission.

    Undoubtedly, learning is a daily experience and lifetime mission. For instance, Madam Curie, who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity and became the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, was known for her persistence in learning.

    Several reasons, both social and individual, could account for the importance of constant learning. Firstly, in an age of ruthless and relentless competition, only by learning constantly can we bring our potential and ability into full play and catch up with the times. Secondly, learning does not only help us acquire knowledge, but also eiches our lives and broadens our horizons. Thirdly, science and technology change with each passing day. Without constant learning, it would be impossible for us to update our knowledge.

    Accordingly, it is constant learning that really matters in achieving success in modern society. In my humble opinion, it is high time that parents and teachers made joint efforts to encourage children to read more books instead of playing computer games all day.

    2015年12月英语四级作文真题:听比说重要

    For this part, you are allowed 30minutes to write an essay commenting on the saying “Listening is more important than talking.”You can cite examples to illustrate the importance oflistening. You should write at least 120 words, no more than 180 words.

    参考范文1:

    As the most evolved creature in this planet,we human beings are in possession of two kinds of most

    powerful capability, which are listening and talking. Compared with talking, more often than not, the significance of listening is way ahead in our life.

    The most typical example of the importance of talking lies in the exchange among family members. When we are accustomed to talking without listening, in the process of which we might only focus on ourselves, feeling of others are ignored and even hurt. Without listening, the essential passport towards mutual understanding, the relation among our family members may bit by bit go alienated .

    Besides , listening can also promote the efficiency of teamwork and efficiency is of the utmost consequence in such a fast-tempo society.

    Talking is a window through which we convey ourselves , while listening is a door via which we understand each other . A life without mutual listening is just like a house without a door. Careful listening , so at least it seems to me , is a necessity but not a luxury in our daily life as well as in our work .

    2.Listening is more important than talking

    It is no exaggeration to say that listening is more important than talking. For instance, without listening, a baby won’t know how to speak; without enough listening, we cannot speak English fluently; without listening carefully in classroom, we cannot follow our teachers.

    There are several reasons to account for the importance of listening. First and foremost, only by listening to others carefully can we understand their points of views. Secondly, more listening can not only broaden our

    horizons, but also helps us absorb others’ wisdom. Last but not least, listening is an input and talking is an output. It is unwise to voice our opinions in those topics that we are unfamiliar with.

    As an old Chinese old saying goes, silence is gold. Therefore, in my humble opinion, it is of great significance for us to spend more time in listening instead of rushing to speak.

    2015年12月英语四级作文真题:做个行动派

    For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write anessay commenting on the saying “Never go out there to see what happens, go out there to make something happen.” You can citeexamples to illustrate the importance of being creative rather thanthe mere onlookers in life. You should write at least 120 words, nomore than 180 words.参考范文1:

    As a famous saying goes, "Never go out there to see what happens, go out there to make something happen." Simple as the saying is, its meaning is profound and thought-provoking, which is meant to tell us that we are supposed to be creative instead of acting as the on looker.

    Conspicuous are the impacts of being creative and I would like to explore the following aspects. To begin with, it is to leading a team to make constant progress what water is to fish, which can be best illustrated by an example concerning an extraordinary basketball player, Yao Ming. Moreover,

    this kind of innovation also makes it possible for an ation to promote its international status and improve the comprehensive competitiveness.

    From my perspective, keeping creative is so essential that adequate importance must be attached to it. Only when we literally realize the key role it plays can we become better selves in the foreseeable future.

    2.Never go out there to see what happens, go out there to make something happen

    There is no doubt that we should never go out there to see what happens; instead, we should take actions to make things happen. A telling example is Youyou Tu. She and her colleagues made 380 extracts from 2,00 herbs before they finally succeeded in discovering the pure substance qinghaosu, which can be used to treat malaria. As we all know, there were numerous scientists who wanted to find this substance, but it was her firm actions that made her the first Chinese Nobel laureate in medicine.

    Why? Reasons are quite simple and can be listed as follows. To begin with, only by taking actions can we find the best way to solve those problems we are facing, but as a bystander, we can learn nothing meaningful. In addition, in an age full of ruthless and relentless competitions, without taking actions to make things happen, we are bound to lose those valuable opportunities. For instance, if Apple had just gone out there to see what happens in mobile phones, it could not have presented the amazing product, iPhone, to us.

    Accordingly, we college students should not just be a watcher but a doer. In my humble opinion, we can start from applying what we have learned into practice.

    此次作文,依旧没有考察“热点”的“环境、文化、网络”等大话题,而是“平民草根、接地气”的人生哲理类,三个题目在今年的考试当中有以下几个特点:

    第一,易审题,延续了上一次四级写作考试“反押题”的倾向。

    第二,重语言,主题明确,考生比拼的就是“语言质量”本身。一篇不再“假大空”的文章,注定不需要使用太多“大而华丽的空洞语言、口号语言”,而在于考生能否灵活运用一些基础词汇和固定表达,写出语法正确、语言流畅的文章。同学们比拼的是驾驭英语语言本身的能力,对词汇、语法、固定句型套用的熟练程度和精采程度。

    第三,技巧和能力并重。宗旨,多背,多写,背好,写好,总能够在考场上有话好说,有分可拿。

    第四,目前的题目是描述与议论文并重。这次的考试其实更多的是重在考生的思考问题、发表评论、写议论文的能力。这样的话题涉及的面比较广、话题比较正式,作文考的是你真正的语言描述和议论点能力。我们应该学会如何举例子、写过程、去描述,如何发表论述、论证。