• 写作方法
  • 写作基础
  • 文学常识
  • 经验交流
  • 作文辅导
  • 您现在的位置:书业网 > 作文 > 写作技巧 > 写作方法 > 正文

    英语写作列举,教你如何写作,大量例句 (2000字)

    来源:书业网 时间:2016-01-04

    写作句式及模块及日常应用

    一.对立观点型论说文常用句型

    ● 点明文章主题的常用句式

    1. . . . has become a hot topic among people recently. Opinions towards it vary from person to person. ??已经成为人们谈论的热门话题,不同的人对此有不同的看法。

    2. There is an argument/much disagreement/no consensus of opinions among people concerning/over/as to/on. . . 关于??,人们的看法不尽相同。

    3. Nowadays, people are divided on the question as to whether. . . 如今关于??的问题,人们的观点很不相同。

    4. Different people have / hold /take different views/perspectives on. . . 不同的人对??有不同的见解。

    5. When asked about. . . different people will offer different answers. 当被问及??时,不同的人会给出不同的答案。

    6. There is a public debate/discussion/controversy today about the problem of. . . 如今关于??的问题,公众已经展开了辩论/讨论。

    7. The issue of whether or not. . . has been widely argued/debated currently.

    关于是否??的问题,如今公众已经展开了广泛的讨论。

    ● 具体介绍两种对立观点的常用句式

    1. Some people suggest/maintain/hold the opinion that. . . But / However / While /Nevertheless/Yet, other people hold a different point of view. . . 有些人认为??,但是另外一些人却持有不同的观点。

    2. Some people are inclined to think that. . . On the contrary/In contrast, there are still many people who won’t agree, and they claim. . .

    一些人往往认为??,但是仍然有些人对此表示异议,他们认为??

    3. When it comes to. . . some people think/believe that. . . while others argue/claim that the opposite/reverse is true. 当谈及??的时候,有些人认为??,但是其他人却站在相反意见的一边。

    4. Those who criticize/oppose to/object to. . . argue that. . . . But people who advocate/favor. . , on the other hand, maintain/assert that. . . 那些批评/反对??的人认为??,但是赞成??的人认为??

    5. Now it is commonly/generally/widely/universally thought/accepted/believed/held that. . . But I wonder/doubt whether. . . 现在大家普遍认为??,我却对此持怀疑态度。

    6. To the general public/popular mind, . . But despite/in spite of/. . . I still believe. . . 尽管大部分人(都认为)??,我仍然认为??

    7. Nowadays, an overwhelming majority of people think that. . . Nevertheless, there are still some people of the opinion that. . . 虽然如今绝大多数人认为??,但是还是有些人认为??。

    ● 陈述自己观点的常用句式

    1. For my part/As to me/As far as I am concemed, I’d like to agree to the former/my favor goes to the first view. 就我而言,我赞同前一种观点。

    2. I agree to the latter opinion to some extent. 我比较同意后一种观点。

    3. I’m in favor of. . . /I’m on the side of. . . 我赞成??

    4. In my opinion, both sides are partly right. When we. . . we should take into consideration all aspects of the problems and then make the right decision.

    我认为双方都有一定的道理。当我们??,我们应该全面地考虑该问题,然后做出正确的决定。

    5. There is probably some truth in both arguments/statements, but. . . 两种观点都有一些道理,但是??

    熟能生巧

    Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Will Fast Food soon Take the Place of Chinese Traditional Food. You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:

    1. 洋快餐在中国日趋流行,很多人对此感到十分忧虑。如:传统饮食习惯很快会被人们忘记等。

    2. 然而,我对洋快餐持肯定的态度。

    3. 我认为那些人的忧虑没有必要。

    Will fast food soon take the place of Chinese traditional food? Fast food, such as hamburger and fried chicken, becomes more and more popular with young people in modern China. But this trend has aroused some anxiety that the traditional cuisine will be forgotten one day if people get used to living on a diet of fast food.

    Besides, some people think fast food can do harm to people’s health because this type of food fails to provide adequate daily requirements of all nutrition. Although the popularity may cause some health problems, my attitude towards fast food is positive. The reasons are just as follows. For one thing, it is difficult to resist the temptation of fast food of McDonald’s or Kentucky because they can provide the customers with a kind of completely new and tempting food as well as excellent service. For another, in an age when some busy people would not like to waste too much time in cooking, eating fast food is a good choice to help them make full use of time.

    As for the worry that the negative effects on Chinese traditional diet caused by fast food, in my opinion, the national cuisine will not die out because fast food and traditional food do not go contrary to each other and they can serve different tastes. In one sense, fast food is a product of an ever-changing lifestyle. We should be brave to accept this change instead of saying no to it.

    二.问题解决型论说文常用句型

    ● 引出话题的常用句式

    1. Nowadays, … has become a problem we have to face. 如今??已经成为我们必须面对的问题。

    2. Nowadays, more and more people are concerned about the problem of…

    现在越来越多的人开始关注??的问题。

    3. Although. . . has brought convenience to us, many people have begun to realize that it is the source of trouble as well. 尽管??给我们带来了很多便利,但是很多人已经认识到它也会制造麻烦。

    4. Recently, the rise in the phenomenon of. . . has drawn/ aroused/captured worldwide attention. 最近??现象的日益增多已经引起了全世界的注意。

    5. Recently, the issue/problem/question of…has been brought into focus/brought to public attention/posed among public attention.

    最近??的问题已经成为人们关注的焦点。

    6. In recent years, many cities/nations/people have been faced/troubled with the serious problem of. . . 在最近几年里,很多城市/国家/人已经面临??问题/受到??问题的干扰。

    7.With the increasingly rapid economic globalization and urbanization, more problems are brought to our attention. 随着日益发展的经济全球化和城市化,更多的问题受到我们的关注。

    8.Nowadays, an increasing number of people come to realize/be aware of the importance of… 现在越来越多的人开始意识到??的重要性。

    ●分析原因的常用句式

    1.Here are many/several/a number of/a variety of reasons for it. First…Second…Finally?这件事的起因很多,第一??第二??第三??

    2.The reasons can be listed as follows. For one thing, … For another…

    原因有以下几点,一方面/一个原因是??另一方面/另一个原因是??

    3. What has possibly contributed to this problem? In the first place… In the second place…是什么导致了这个问题呢?首先??其次??

    4.Perhaps the main/primary/most important reason is… 可能最主要/根本/重要的原因是??

    5. … is also/partly/solely/chiefly responsible for the problem. ??也是问题产生的部分/主要原因。

    6.It is no easy job to identify the reasons for… which involves several complicated factors. For some… For others… 要找出??的原因并不容易,因为其中牵涉到几方面的复杂因素。可能??也可能??

    6.One may trace/attribute/owe this problem to...有人也许会将这个问题归结于??

    7.A number of factors could account for/lead to/contribute to/result in/be conducive to…

    几方面的因素可能导致??

    8.This problem may result from/be attributable to/be largely due to/stem from a combination of factors. 这个问题是由很多因素造成的。

    ●提出解决方案的常用句式

    1.The first key factor to solve this problem is… Another key factor is…

    解决这个问题的第一关键是??另一个关键是??

    2.People have found many solutions/approaches to dealing with this problem.

    人们已经找到了许多解决这个问题的方法。

    3.We can figure out many ways to relieve the present crisis.

    我们可以想出很多办法来缓解目前的危机。

    4.Then, how should we solve this problem? Here are some suggestions, which may be of some help. 那么,如何来解决这个问题呢?这里有些建议可能会有点帮助。

    5.Faced with…, we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation.

    面对??,我们应该采取一系列的措施来应对目前的形势。

    6.It is high time that… Here are a few examples of some of the measures that might be taken immediately. 真的应该/必须??。这里列举几个可以马上付诸实施的措施。

    7.Obviously, if we ignore/are blind to this problem, the chances are that/it is most likely that/there is every chance that… will be put in jeopardy.

    显然,倘若我们对这一点置若罔闻的话,很可能??就会处于一种危险的境地。

    8.We need to take a fresh/clear look at this matter/situation in a new perspective/from a wider standpoint. Otherwise, we won’ t come anywhere near solving it.

    我们应该从一个新的角度(一个更广泛的角度)来看待这个问题。否则的话,我们将很难解决它。

    熟能生巧

    Directions:For this part,you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Problem of Piracy. You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:

    1.盗版现象日益严重

    2.盗版造成的不良后果

    3.我对抵制盗版蔓延的看法

    参考范文

    Problem of Piracy

    Nowadays, the problem of piracy has become more and more serious. Books, tapes, VCDs and other high-tech products have been pirated. For instance, when a new product comes onto market, most probably, its pirated counterpart will soon put on its appearance in the market, too.

    Piracy has caused a great loss to legitimate producers, inventors and writers in many ways. To start with, the pirated products often cost much less than the genuine ones so that they enjoy a better trading position in spite of their relatively poor quality. The genuine products, on the contrary, sell poorly. What’s worse, pirated books, sometimes, do great harm to the authors reputation due to some misprints. In the long run, pirated products may have a negative impact on customers because those legitimate producers’ creativity and enthusiasm may be deeply hurt by the fact that some customers are more interested in the pirated products for the sake of small gains.

    In my opinion, it’s high time that everyone started the battle against piracy. First, customers should develop their consciousness to resist the pirated products. Besides, the government should take effective measures to put an end to piracy. Finally laws must be strictly enforced to completely ban piracy. Only in this way, can we wipe the pirated products out of our life.

    三.说明利弊型论说文的常用句型

    ●说明事物优点的常用句式

    1.There are several advantages in/of…The first/biggest advantage is that… 有几方面的优点,第一个/最大的优点是??

    2.Nothing/Few things can equal/match with/be compared with…in terms of…

    在??方面,(几乎)没有什么东西可以和??相媲美。

    3.For all/In spite of/Despite the disadvantages/side effects, it has its compensating advantages/beneficial effects.尽管存在一些缺点/负面影响,但它并非一无是处。

    4. … has a positive impact/influence/effect on people’s lives.

    ??对人们的生活起到一种积极的作用。

    5. … is playing an increasingly important role in people’s lives.

    ??在人们的生活中起着越来越重要的作用。

    ● 说明事物缺点的常用句式

    1.However, just like anything else, …has its negative side as well.

    但是,和其他事物一样,??也有其不好的一面。

    2.Of course, the disadvantages can not be ignored.

    当然,缺点也是不能忽视的。

    3.However, it still has some drawbacks.

    但是它还是有一些缺陷。

    4.However, just as everything has two sides, … also has many disadvantages.

    但是,正如每个事物都有两面性一样,??也有很多缺点。

    5.However, … may also cause/bring about/lead to/result in/contribute to some problems.

    但是,??也可能诱发一些问题。

    6.However, it’s often blamed for its obvious defects.

    但是,它经常因一些明显的缺陷而受到指责。

    7.Everything has two sides… is no exception.

    每个事物都有两面性,??也不例外。

    8.As the proverb goes, every coin has its two sides/no garden without its weeds/every medal has its reverse…is no exception.

    正如有句谚语所说的那样,每件事物都有利有弊。??也毫不例外。

    9.However, the negative aspects are also apparent/obvious/evident. To begin with, … To make matters worse, … Worst of all, …

    不足之处也是显而易见的.首先,??;更糟的是,??;最后??。

    10.The side effects… have exerted on human beings can be boiled down to several major ones as follows. First, … Second, … In addition, …

    ??对人类产生的副作用归纳起来有以下几个方面。其一,??;其二,??;此外??。

    ● 表明事物利大于弊的常用句式

    1.As to me, I think the advantages outweigh/carry more eight than the disadvantages.

    就我而言,我认为利大于弊。

    2.Anyway, I still believe…has more advantages than disadvantages.

    不管怎样,我仍然相信??的利大于弊。

    3.But for me, I think what is more important is its positive side.

    但就我而言,我认为它积极的一面更加重要。

    4.The advantages of/derived from… far outweigh/are much greater than the disadvantages/problems…entails. ??的优点远远多于它引发的问题。

    熟能生巧:

    Directions: For this part, you ate allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Keeping a Pet. You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:

    1.养宠物有很多优点。

    2.宠物也会引发一些问题。

    3.我的态度。

    Keeping a Pet

    Nowadays it is common to see people keep a dog or cat or a pet of another kind all over the world.

    There are many advantages of keeping a pet. For one thing,pets are good companions. This is especially important for people who live alone and for the old who do not go out much. Some pets can also help to protect the house from thieves. For another, dogs and cats like to play and can give hours of amusement to children and adults. Taking care of an animal also helps children to develop a sense of responsibility and to learn about the nature.

    However, keeping a pet, just like anything else, has its negative side as well. It may also give rise to some problems. For example, some pets are dirty and tend to transmit some sort of disease. Worst of all, some dogs may attack and seriously injure small children for the reason that their owners don’t train them properly or actually encourage them to be aggressive.

    To sum up, there are more advantages than disadvantages to keeping a pet, especially for lonely people and children. Meanwhile, it is, however, quite necessary to bear in mind that pets should be well trained lest they attack people.

    四.阐述主题型论说文的常用句型

    ● 引出格言、谚语的常用句式

    1.Here is an old saying…It’s the experience of our forefathers. However, it is correct in many cases even today. 有一句谚语??这句话是我们祖先的宝贵经验。然而在今天仍旧是适用的。

    2.One of our ancient philosopher said…Chinese people have always been holding their idea to be one of their stands of morality.

    有位古代的哲人说过??中国人一直将它视为道德标准之—.

    3.One of the great early writers said that…

    古代一位作家说过??

    ● 举例说明的常用句式

    1.…, say/for example/for instance/for one, …例如.....

    2.Take…for example, …以? ?为例??

    3.A good case in point is…一个典型的例子就是??

    4.Perhaps the most important/telling/dramatic/striking example of…is…

    也许关于??最重要/有说服力/有趣/典型的例子是??

    5.… is often cited/quoted as a familiar example of…??作为一个熟悉的例子经常被引用来证明??

    ● 事实证明的常用句式

    1.No one can deny/doubt/ignore/overlook the fact that…没人能否认/怀疑/忽略/忽视这样一个事实??

    2.The idea/view/criticism is barely/fully supported by facts.

    这种想法/观点/批评在事实面前是站不住脚的。

    3.There’s considerable evidence that…/in favor of…有很多迹象表明/能够证明??

    4.The latest surveys/studies/polls conducted by…indicate/reveal/show/prove that…

    由??组织的最新调查/研究/民意调查说明/显示/表明/证明??

    5.Nothing could be more obvious than the evidence that…最明显的证据就是??

    6.One may not forget the old days when…我们也许不会忘记过去的日子,那时??

    ● 结论性结尾的常用句式

    1.From what have been discussed above, we may safely come to/reach/draw the conclusion that… 根据以上讨论的内容,我们完全可以得出??结沦。

    2.Taking into account all the factors, we may safely arrive at the conclusion that…

    考虑到所有的因素,我们完全可以得出一个结论,就是??

    3.In summary/In conclusion/In a word/In brief/In short/To sum up/On the whole, it is important tha…总而言之/综上所述,??非常重要。

    4.In summary, I would like to say that…is an issue that deserves immediate attention.

    总而言之,我想说??是一个值得立刻引起注意的问题。

    5.Personally /As far as I am concerned/For my part/As for me, I am in favor of the former/the latter. 就个人而言,我同意前者(后者)的观点。

    熟能生巧

    Directions: For this part, you ate allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Where Where Is a Will, There Is a Way. You should write at least 120 words,and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:

    1.怎样理解“有志者事竟成”

    2.例如.....

    3.结论

    参考范文

    Where There Is a Will, There Is a Way

    There is an old saying that “Where there is a will, there is a way”, which means as long as a person possess a strong will he will certainly accomplish a task no matter how difficult it is. In other words, one of the most important things to achieve success is a firm resolution. This is the case in all walks of life.

    For example, Karl Marx spent five years on his greatest work Das Kapital. Cao Xueqin spent ten years on his world famous book Dreams of Red Chamber. Without a strong will and firm determination they couldn’t have fulfilled such brilliant works.

    However, some people don’t have the fearless spirit. Whenever they meet difficulty they draw back from it. As a result, they never accomplish anything.

    Therefore, if we wish to succeed, we must first have a resolution and remember the saying “Where there is a will, there is a way”.

    五.图表作文常用句型

    对于大多数中国考生而言,图表作文这种题型相对比较陌生,写起来感到特别棘手,因为有时要看懂图表都需要花很长的时间,更何况在30分钟内要用英语准确、清晰、简明扼要地描述出来,并且还要分析图表。结合图表写作的特点、难点和考生的弱点,这里,我们提供了大量实用、好用、易学的常用句型和结构,供考生参考。希望对考生在短时间内迅速提高图表作文写作能力有很大的帮助。

    ● 表示“说明”的常用句式

    在说明图表的时候,要使用下列表示“说明”的常用句式,它们可以帮助读者弄清楚所引信息的出处,有效地将你要说的话带出来。

    1.As we can see from the chart/graph / table/diagram,…从图表中可以看出??

    2.The chart/graph / table/diagram shows/displays that,…如图所示??

    3.As can be shown in/According to the chart/graph / table/diagram,…如图所示??

    4.The figures/statistics in the chart reflect/show/reveal that…

    图表中的数据表明??

    ● 表示“数据”的常用句式

    1.…had the largest percentage/proportion of… ??在??方面具有很大的百分比。

    2.…account (s) for/take (s) up 10%.??占有10%。

    3.Compared with A, B has a higher percentage.

    与A相比,B有更高的比例。

    4.On the top of the list is…, which accounts for 60%.占比重最高的是??,占60%。

    5.At the bottom is…, which takes up 20%.占最低比重的是??,占20%。

    6.A is second to B. A仅次于B。

    7.A is ranked/rated first, followed by B at 30% and C at 25%.

    A占最高比重,紧随其后的是占30%的B和占25%的C。

    ● 表示“数据变化”的常用句式

    在描述图表的过程中,考生有必要对图表的数据进行描述,因此,掌握相应地表示变化的句式也是相当重要的。

    a.表示增加、减少和波动的常用结构

    1.The number of (private cars) increased/rose suddenly/rapidly/dramatically/substantially/considerably/sharply/steeply from…to…从??到??期间,(私家车)的数量有了急剧的增长。

    2.There was a sudden/rapid/dramatic/substantial/considerable/sharp/steep increase/rise in the number of (private cars) from…to…从??到??期间,(私家车)的数量有了急剧的增长。

    3.There was a boom in the number of (private cars) from…to…

    从??到??期间,(私家车)的数量有了急剧的增长。

    4.The number of (private cars) climbed/jumped/rose suddenly/went sharply up/soared to…in…在??(时间),(私家车)的数量猛增到??(辆)。

    5.There was an evident/ apparent/ obvious increase in…from…to….

    从??到??期间,在??方面有明显的增长。

    6.The number of (private cars) increased/rose steadily/gradually from…to…

    从??到??期间, (私家车)的数量有了稳定持续的增长。

    7.There was a steady/gradual increase/rise in the number of (private cars) from…to…

    从??到??期间, (私家车)的数量有了稳定持续的增长。

    8.There was a slight/slow increase/rise in the number of (private cars) from…to…

    从??到??期间,’ (私家车)的数量有了稍微/缓慢的增长。

    9.The number of (private cars)increased/rose slightly/slowly from…to…

    从??到??期间,(私家车)的数量有了稍微/缓慢的增长。

    10.The number of (private cars) decreased/fell/dropped suddenly/rapidly/dramatically/substantially/sharply/steeply from…to… 从??到??期间,(私家车)的数量有了急剧的下降。

    11.There was a sudden/rapid/dramatic/substantial/sharp/steep decrease/drop/reduction/decline in the number of (private cars)from…to…

    从??到??期间,(私家车)的数量有了急剧的下降。

    12.There was a (n) evident/apparent/obvious reduction/decline in...from....to...

    从??到??期间,在??方面有明显的下降。

    13.The number of (private cars) dropped sharply/went sharply down to…in…

    在??(时间),(私家车)的数量急剧下降到??(辆)。

    14.The number of (private cars) increased/rose by …% from…to…

    在??(时间),(私家车)的数量增加了百分之??

    15.The number of (private cars) fell/dropped/declined by …%from…to…

    在??(时间),(私家车)的数量下降了百分之??

    16.There was a slight fluctuation in the number of (private cars) from…to…

    从??到??期间,(私家车)的数量有轻微的波动。

    b.表示变化不大或没有变化的常用结构

    1.The number of (private cars) remained steady/stable/constant between…and…

    从??到??期间,(私家车)的数量保持稳定。

    2.The number of (private cars) stayed the same between…and…

    从??到??期间,(私家车)的数量并没有发生变化。

    3.There was little/hardly any change in the number of (private cars ) between…and…

    从??到??期间,(私家车)的数量并没有发生变化。

    4.The number of (private cars) remained level between…and…

    从??到??期间,(私家车)的数量趋于稳定。

    5.The number of (private cars) remained steady at approximately…between…and…

    从??到??期间,(私家车)的数量稳定在??(辆)左右。

    6.The number of (private cars) appeared to level off.

    (私家车)的数量开始稳定下来了。

    c.表示最高点或最低点的常用结构

    1.The situation/figures reached a peak/a high at …% in…情况(数据)在??(时间)达到顶点,为??(数目)。

    2.The situation/figures bottomed out at …% in…情况(数据)在??(时间)达到最低点,为??(数目)。

    3.The situation/figures peaked at …% in.....情况(数据)在?(时间)达到顶点,为??(数目)。

    4.The situation/figures hit a trough at ...% in…情况(数据)在??(时间)达到最低点,为??(数目)。

    5.The number soared to a record high of…数量剧增至历史新高,为??(数目)。

    d.表示倍数的常用结构

    1.A is twice/three times/four times what it was in…与??(时间)相比,A是原来的两倍(三倍、四倍)。

    2.A is twice/three times/four times the amount in…与??(时间)相比,A是原来的两倍(三倍、四倍)。

    3.A is twice/three times/four times as much/many as...in…与??(时间)相比,A是原来的两倍(三倍、四倍):

    4.A is twice/three times/four times more than...in...与??(时间)相比,A是原来的两倍(三倍、四倍)还要多。

    5.From…to…, A increased/dropped more than six fold.从??到??期间,A增加(减少)了六倍。

    6.The output of steel in 1990 was 400% up compared with in 1980.

    与1980年相比,1990年钢铁产量增加了四倍。

    7.The figure was roughly doubled/tripled/quintupled between…and…从??到??期间,数字大概是原来的两倍(三倍、五倍)

    熟能生巧

    Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic How People pent Their Holiday. You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the chart and the out line given below:

    1.上图所示为1990

    2.请说明发生这些变化的原因;

    3.得出结论。

    参考范文

    How People Spent Their Holidays

    As can be seen from the tablem, the past decades have witnessed dramatic changes in the way people spent their holiday between 1990 and 2000. In 1990, 63% of people spent their holidays at home while the figure dropped considerably to 24% in 2000. It is obvious from the table that people tended to be more and more mobile, and they wanted to get entertainment in the outside world.

    What contributed to these changes? I think the reasons are as follows. To start with, with the rapid development of economy, people earn by far more money than they used to. Thus, people are able to afford traveling expenses. Secondly, people think it important to get well-informed about the outside world in this new era when everything is on the move. Traveling, of course, is a sure way to achieve this goal. What’s more, in this competitive society, people are usually under great stress. However, it is not difficult to find traveling an effective way to relieve people’s stress and get relaxation. Last but not least, by traveling outside, people are close to nature, which is not only beneficial to both their health and peace of mind.

    In conclusion, people prefer to go traveling rather than stay at home during holidays for a combination of reasons. Moreover, it seems that this trend will last in the foreseeable future.

    六.书信作文分类

    1.投诉信

    当你希望某事得到改善或者某个问题得到补救时,往往会写投诉信。

    ● 写作策略

    开头段:说明与收信人的相关性,并表明写作意图。

    主体段:写明投诉的原因,要展开说明,可以说具体的理由,也可以说问题的具体体现方式,比如,表

    达你对此事 所带来不便的感受、心情。此外,提出你对如何改进或者解决问题的建议,清楚表明你希望问题如何得到解决。

    结尾段:表达你希望上述问题得到迅速解决的强烈愿望,并对有关人员做出的努力表示感谢,希望尽快

    得到满意的答复。

    ●常用句型

    1.I am writing to you to complain about…

    我现写信向你投诉有关??

    2.I am writing to express my dissatisfaction with…

    我现写信向你表达对??的不满。

    3.I am afraid that I have to inform you that…

    我很遗憾地告诉你??

    4.I am completely disappointed/upset to find…

    当我发现??,我感到非常的失望(伤心)。

    5.There are some problems with…that I wish to bring to attention. In the first place, …In the second place, … 我希望你注意到在??方面的一些问题。一方面,??;另一方面,??

    6.To reverse this situation, it is advisable/desirable/recom mended/suggested that…

    为了扭转局势,建议??

    7. To improve the situation, it is advisable to take the following measures. For one thing, …For another, … 为了改善局面,建议采取以下措施。其—,??;其二,??

    8.I sincerely hope that it will review its management system, with the view to (doing)…

    我真诚地希望??能检讨自己的管理方式,以便??

    9.I look forward to a day when we could…

    我期盼着有一天我们能够??

    10.I do hope that the problems will be solved as soon as possible.

    我希望问题可以尽早得以解决。

    11.I hope my suggestions will be taken into consideration to improve the situation.

    我希望你们能够考虑一下我的建议以便改善局面。

    12.If it is not properly settled, I would like to demand a refund, or would complain to the Consumers’ Association.

    如果此事未能妥善得到解决,我要求你们退款,否则,我将向消协投诉。

    13.It is high time that…

    该是??的时候了。

    14.We believe that you will take this matter seriously from now on and make every effort to prevent its recurrence.

    我们相信你们从现在起会认真对待这件事情的,并努力避免此事的再次发生。

    2.询问信

    询问信的主要目的是寻求所需的信息或帮助。

    ● 写作策略

    开头段:表明写作意图,说明写这封信的目的是寻求什么样的信息或帮助:

    主体段:询问具体问题,强调所需信息的重要性。

    结尾段:表达获取信息的强烈愿望,提供联系方法以便收信人与你联系,并对有关人员表示感谢。 ●常用句型

    1.I would like to inquire about some information about…

    我想询问有关??的一些情况。

    2.I would like some detailed information on…

    我想得到有关??的详细资料。

    3.I shall be grateful if you could have details concerning…available.

    如果您能为我提供有关??的详细情况,我将不胜感激。

    4.I am writing to you in the hope that I may obtain…

    我写信给您,希望得到有关??的资料。

    5.I would be grateful if you would be so kind as to provide me with certain essential information with regard to the following aspects.

    如果您能为我提供有关下列方面的信息,我将不胜感激。

    6.Would you be so kind as to let me know…

    您能否告诉我???

    7.I am greatly concerned about…

    我很关心??

    8.I would be much obliged to you if you could inform me of…

    如果您能通知我有关??的详细情况,我将不胜感激。

    9.Your prompt and favorable attention to my inquiry would be greatly appreciated.

    如果您能尽快给我个满意的答复,我将不胜感激。

    10.I am looking forward to a favorable reply at your earliest convenience.

    我期待着您的早日答复。

    3.道歉信

    道歉信的主要目的是向收信人表明歉意,请求对方对自己的某种过失表示谅解。

    ●写作策略

    开头段:表明写作意图,对某事表示歉意。

    主体段:说明道歉的具体原因。

    结尾段:再次表明歉意,请求收信人的谅解,并表示你愿意为此做补救。

    ●常用句型

    1.I must apologize to you for…

    我必须为??向你道歉。

    2.I am terribly/awfully sorry that…

    我感到很抱歉,因为??

    3.It is thoughtless/inconsiderate of me to do…

    我做??,实在太欠考虑了。

    4.I am afraid what I have done has caused many inconveniences to you.

    恐怕我给您添了许多麻烦。

    5.I sincerely hope that you can understand that I offended you unintentionally.

    我真心希望您能理解我并非有意冒犯你的。

    6.I regret to inform you that I am unable to do…

    我很遗憾地告知您我不能??

    7.I must make a sincere and humble apology to you for…

    我必须为??真诚地向你道歉。

    8.Please accept my sincere apology for…once more.

    请再次为??接受我真诚的道歉。

    9.I sincerely hope that you will kindly accept my apologies.

    我衷心希望你能接受我的道歉。

    10.I am so sorry to have put you to so much trouble.

    不好意思给你添了很多麻烦。

    4.感谢信

    感谢信的主要目的是向收信人表明感激之情。

    ●写作策略

    开头段:表明写作意图,向对方表示诚挚的谢意。

    主体段:高度评价对方的帮助,列举为何对对方心存感激。

    结尾段:再次表明感谢。

    ● 常用句型

    1.I am grateful/obliged to you for…

    我非常感谢你的??

    2.I am greatly indebted to you for what you have done.

    我为你所做的一切表示感激。

    3.I am thankful/obliged to you for your unselfish assistance during…

    感谢你在??期间给予我无私的帮助。

    4.I deeply appreciate your courtesy and we hope to have the opportunity of rewarding your kindness. 我非常感谢你的好意,并希望有机会回报你。

    5.I take this opportunity to express my deep appreciation of your kind help you rendered me. 我借此机会对你所给予我的帮助表示深深的感谢。

    6.It was kind and generous of you to do this for me, and I appreciate it more than I can say. 你为我这样做真是太好了,我感激不尽。

    7.My appreciation to you for your generous help is beyond my words. I wish I could repay it some day. 我无法用言语来表达对你的感激之情。但愿有朝一日能回报你的帮助。

    8.Please accept my most cordial thanks for your timely help, which I will never forget.

    请接受我诚挚的谢意,感谢你及时的帮助,我将难以忘怀。

    9.Words fail me when I want to express my gratitude to you.

    感激之情难以言表。

    10.Again, I would like to express our warm thanks to you.

    再次向你表示感谢。

    5.邀请信

    邀请信的主要目的是向收信人发出邀请,请求对方参与或出席某活动。

    ●写作策略

    开头段:表明写作意图,向某人发出邀请。

    主体段:说明邀请的具体原因,邀请的内容。

    结尾段:表示强烈的期盼,并希望尽快得到答复。

    ● 常用句型

    1.I am pleased to invite you to participate in…to be held from…to....in…

    我很高兴邀请你参加从??到??在??举行的??活动。

    2.It is my pleasure/a great honor for me to invite you to…

    如能邀请你参加??是我莫大的荣幸。

    3.It is my pleasure to extend an invitation to you to go traveling with me.

    我很高兴邀请你和我一起去旅游。

    4.I hope that you won’t decline my invitation.

    我希望你不会拒绝我的邀请。

    5.I will cover all the expenses involved.

    我会负责有关费用。

    6.We were wondering if the session could consist of…

    我们想知道会议是否可以包括??

    7.Would you please let me know as soon as possible if you can accept my invitation?

    你能否早日告诉我是否能接受我的邀请?

    8.If you accept we shall, of course, pay you a fee plus expenses.

    如果你能够接受,我们当然会支付你一定的报酬和费用。

    9.I do hope you will be able to accept our invitation.

    我确实希望你能够接受我的邀请。

    10.Do you agree to my arrangement? If you could prefer different arrangements, we shall fit in with them. 你同意我的安排吗?如果你有不同的安排,我们将配合你。

    11.I am looking forward to your reply, and eventually seeing you.

    我期盼着你的来信,并希望能见到你。

    6.求职信

    求职信的主要目的是写信人就某一职位向收信人提出请求.

    ● 写作策略

    开头段:表明信息来源,并说明写作意图.

    主体段:介绍相关工作经历、学习经历以及个人本性,以表明

    你可以胜任这个职位。

    结尾段:表示强烈的期盼,并希望尽快得到答复。

    ● 常用句型

    1.I have read your advertisement in…of June 26 for a secretary, and should be grateful if you consider me favorably as a candidate for the position.

    我看到贵公司于6月26日在??上所登的招聘秘书的广告,如果您能考虑本人对本工作的申请,我将不胜感激.

    2.I wish to apply for the position of…which you advertised in…on June 26.

    通过贵公司于6月26日在?上所登的广告,得悉贵公司正在招聘??。我希望应聘此职。

    3.I am very interested in exploring the possibility of obtaining a post as a(n)…with your firm.

    本人希望能在贵公司觅得一份的??工作。

    4.I am keen to apply for a job vacancy with your company.

    本人非常想应聘贵公司的一个职位。

    5.I shall be pleased to furnish you with any further information concerning my education and work experience. 我很乐意为您提供更多有关我的学历和工作经历的情况。

    6.In response to/In reply to your advertisement, I wish to apply for…

    我现拟应征贵公司招聘的??职位。

    7.I graduated with a BA degree/a Master’ s degree/a Doctorate degree in…from…in 2002.

    我于2002年从??大学毕业,并已获得??专业的学士学位(硕士学位、博士学位)。

    8.I believe that I am well qualified, both psychologically and academically, for the post.

    我认为我无论在学业还是心理素质方面都能胜任该职位。

    9.I am fairly experienced/proficient/competent/skillful in…

    我擅长于??

    10.I have a fair mastery of…/have a good command of…

    我精通??

    11.I am available for an interview any moment. Please contact me at…/I can be reached at…

    我随时可以接受面试,请打??号码与我联系。

    12.If you have any position available, please grant me a job interview. Thank you for your time and

    consideration.

    如果你有任何职位空缺,请给我一次面试的机会。感谢你的时间和考虑。

    13.I can come for an interview at your convenience.

    我随时可以接受面试。

    14.I hope you would take my application into account favorably and entitle me to an interview.

    我希望您能够考虑我的申请,并给予我面试的机会。

    15.I have enclosed my resume/C. V. with this letter.

    随信附上我的简历。

    7.求学信

    求学信的主要目的是写信人申请某所学校就读的信件。

    ● 写作策略

    开头段:简单自我介绍,并说明写作意图。

    主体段:介绍相关工作经历、学习经历以及个人本性。

    结尾段:表示强烈的期盼,并希望尽快得到答复。

    ● 常用句型

    1.I wish to pursue my Master’s degree in your prestigious university.

    我希望到贵校攻读硕士学位。

    2.I wish to apply to admission to your department as a postgraduate student.

    我现申请攻读贵系研究生。

    3.I am greatly interested in your graduate program in College of Law and wish to apply for admission. 我对贵校法学院的研究生课程非常感兴趣,并申请到贵系攻读硕士学位。

    4.Would you be so kind as to provide me with some relevant information?

    您能否为我提供一些相关信息呢?

    5.I am writing to ask for admission to your department. It’s my long-cherished dream to pursue my study in your honored department.

    我申请就读于贵系,这是我长久以来的愿望。

    6.It would be appreciative of you if you could send me some relevant information at your earliest convenience. 如果您能够尽快寄给我一些相关信息,我将不胜感激。

    7.Could you send me an application form as well as some detailed information regarding…?

    您能否寄给我申请表和有关??的资料?

    8.If further materials are required, I am only too willing to forward them to you.

    如需其他材料,我非常乐意寄上。

    9.I will certainly feel honored if I could be admitted to your university, which, renowned for its long history and a fine tradition of scholarship, enjoys a worldwide fame.

    贵校历史悠久,治学严谨,享有世界声望,如果有幸能够成为贵校的学生,我将感到无比的荣幸。

    10.Would you please let me know the procedures for admission at your earliest convenience?

    能够尽快告知我入学的有关程序。

    11.I shall be glad to furnish you with any further information concerning my education and work experience. 我很乐意为您提供我个人学习和工作经历的有关资料。

    8.推荐信

    推荐信的主要目的是写信人向收信人推荐第三人做某件事情。

    ●写作策略

    开头段:说明写作意图,并说明推荐人与被推荐人之间的关系。

    主体段:说明推荐原因,介绍被推荐人的相关工作经历、学习经历以及个人秉性。

    结尾段:表示感谢和期待。

    ●常用句型

    1.I am very glad to recommend to you a former student of mine, Mr…/Miss… to be an ideal candidate for… 我很高兴向您推荐我的学生??,他(她)是??的理想人选。

    2.It’s my great pleasure to have been asked to produce a letter of recommendation for Mr…/Miss… 我很高兴应邀推荐??

    3.There is little doubt that…is sufficiently qualified for the post he/she is applying for. I stand up for his/her application without reservation.

    毫无疑问,??完全有资格胜任该职位。我毫无保留地推荐他(她)。

    4.I have no hesitation in recommending…for admission to your graduate program.

    我毫不犹豫地推荐??就读贵系研究生。

    5.I hope the information will make you well-informed of… Should you need any information, please do not hesitate to contact me.

    我希望上述信息有助于为你更好地了解??。如果您需要更多的信息,请与我联系。

    6.If any further information about him/her is required, please let me know.

    如需更多的信息,请告知。

    7.I should be very grateful if you would consider his/her application seriously.

    如果您能认真考虑他(她)的申请,我将不胜感激。

    8.I would be much obliged to you if you could consider my recommendation and kindly offer him an opportunity.

    谢谢您考虑我的推荐并给予他机会。

    9.In view of his/her accomplishments, I am firmly convinced that he/she will make a successful graduate student.

    鉴于他(她)的成绩,我坚信??能成为一名好学生。

    10.Armed with a strong sense of responsibility, commitment, enthusiasm and diligence, Mr…/Miss…will definitely be competent for…

    因为??富有责任感、忠诚、热情、勤奋,必定能够胜任??

    熟能生巧

    Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a letter. Suppose you have a friend who is about to attend college. He wants you to advise him on which object to major in history, in which he is very interested, or computer science, which offers a better job prospect. You should write at least 120 words according to the suggestions given (in Chinese) below:

    1.专业选择必须和将来的就业联系起来;

    2.学电脑能给他提供更多的就业机会;

    3.可以在业余时间阅读历史书籍。

    A Letter to Paul

    July 7, 2002

    Dear Paul,

    Thank you for your letter of July 3, in which you asked me for my advice concerning whether you should study history or computer science at university. I am rather glad to make some useful suggestions.

    First all of all, you should bear in mind that, above all, your university training is a preparation for your future career. Therefore, your first consideration should be to study a subject which will best equip you to earn a living. There is no doubt that the field of computers offers far wider job opportunities than history.

    Furthermore, we are now in the age of the high-technology revolution. For the foreseeable future, not only will it be necessary for everyone to be computer-literate, it will also be necessary. for them to be armed with computer skills merely to earn a living! History, I am afraid, however fascinating it might be, offers few career prospects.

    Of course, you don’ t have to dedicate all your time at university to studying computers and nothing else. On the contrary, I would recommend that you keep on your reading of history in your leisure time. Therefore, you will find that your leisure hours are enriched while you prepare yourself for a worthwhile career in computers.

    Wish you every success.

    Yours sincerely,

    James