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    简爱的性格特点英文

    来源:书业网 时间:2017-06-19

    篇一:(全英文论文)“简爱”中的女主角性格分析

    本科生毕业设计(论文)封面

    ( 2015 届)

    论文(设计)题目

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    英语原创毕业论文参考选题 (100个)

    一、论文说明

    本写作团队致力于英语毕业论文写作与辅导服务,精通前沿理论研究、仿真编程、数据图表制作,专业本科论文3000起,具体可以联系qq 805990749。下列所写题目均可写作。部分题目已经写好原创。

    二、原创论文参考题目

    1 动机与英语专业学生英语学习的相关性研究

    2 商务谈判中委婉语的顺应研究

    3 XX学院英语专业学生自主网络学习分析

    4 高中生英语学习动机的研究与培养A中学学生为例

    5 还乡和呼啸山庄女主人公爱情悲剧的比较

    6 从关联理论谈口译中的语境适应策略

    7 阅读理解中的词汇障碍

    8 论词缀法对词汇记忆的影响

    9 母语负迁移在汉英翻译中的影响

    10 中华老字号英译顺应论分析

    11 从霍夫斯塔德的文化维度分析中美文化差异的

    12 文化差异对商标翻译的影响

    13 小学英语课堂游戏教学中的问题及对策

    14 围城英译本成语翻译策略研究

    15 汉语政治新词英译原则及策略

    16 从生态批评角度解析愤怒的葡萄

    17 英译汉中四字格的运用

    18 红楼梦林黛玉和傲慢与偏见伊丽莎白女性角色剖析

    19 少数民族地区初中英语教师行为对学生英语成绩的影响

    20 中文旅游资料的英译

    21 中国大学英语学习者分词误用分析--XX学院学生的研究

    22 “谷歌”上英文广告的汉译特点

    23 中学英语课堂提问艺术

    24 论清教徒精神及其对美国人的进取心的影响

    25 浅析跨文化商务谈判的中西方思维方式差异

    26 公示语汉译英浅析

    27 浅谈老人与海桑提亚哥性格特点

    28 思维差异对中美商务谈判的影响及应对策略

    29 语境顺应视角下英语情景喜剧中幽默字幕翻译生活大爆炸为例

    30 A校英语专业就业情况分析及其对专业课程设置的启示

    31 亨利.詹姆斯幻想参与小说的三个层次

    32 浅析热爱生命中的永不放弃精神

    33 分析中学英语写作问题与方法

    34 中文公示语英译初探

    35 XX民族中学初二年级的英语学习调查

    36 对语篇及语篇连贯的认知研究

    37 网络环境下汉语语言对英语语言的吸收与融合机制研究

    38 试析假如明天来临的叙事艺术

    40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81

    82 分析哈克贝利?费恩历险记 对中国彩电的反倾销分析 浅谈英语复杂句的翻译 从功能目的论看美国电影字幕翻译-录取通知为例 英汉动物词汇文化内涵异同对比分析 语言迁移在英语教学中的应用 在高中英语词汇教学中进行文化渗透的策略 社会语言学视角下的校园语码转换 论美国文化的霸权 浅析大学英语四级听力测试对大学生听力学习的反拨作用 创造有效的师生互动英语课堂策略 傲慢与偏见与简.爱之女主人公的比较研究 语篇范围内的构式研究-美国总统就职演说作为案例 弗兰肯斯坦中的死亡意义 And的用法与翻译 合作学习在XX中学英语教学中的应用 德伯家的苔丝分析苔丝的悲剧人生 高中英语阅读教学策略的得与失--XX班英语阅读情况调查与分析 英语人名地名及其翻译 英美文学作品中的人名及其引申意 浅谈红字中宗教和人物命运的关系 论语境适应论在西方电影片名翻译中的运用 小城畸人里象征主义手法研究 全球商务中基于文化差异的品牌名称翻译 浅谈英语诗歌节奏 浅析中美幽默之差异 英汉颜色习语差异的对比研究 英汉问候语的礼貌差异分析 傲慢与偏见中傲慢在哪,偏见在哪 “红”的中英对比及其翻译 广告中英语口号语言特点的分析 英语动物习语文化内涵比较与翻译 被动句翻译的策略、技巧和规律 贵妇画像中女主人公悲剧命运解析 对外汉语量词教学研究及其在加速学习中的运用 广告标语的言语行为理论分析 提高中学生阅读能力的方法 英汉爱情隐喻的对比研究 文化差异对商务谈判思维的影响 英语委婉语的交际功能 献给艾米丽的一朵玫瑰花中的冲突 教师用语及其对学习者输入的影响 中西方服饰文化的差异及其成因

    84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 浅谈商业广告的翻译 英语专业学生词汇附带习得 家庭至上观在美剧中的表现 跨文化非语言交际的差异对比研究 认真的重要性中人物奥斯卡王尔德人格的二重性 白牙的生态伦理解读 哈利波特系列里哈利波特与伏地魔的二元对立分析 英文商务信函中的礼貌策略研究 XX九中英语课堂中师生互动的调查英语教育 谈老友记中英语语调的特点及交际功能 西方文学中撒旦形象的形成与发展 喧哗与骚动中女主人公凯蒂的悲剧原因分析 在英语教学中提高小学生交际能力的研究 通过英文电影提高英语口语的方法 英汉连词“and”的翻译 反讽艺术在傲慢与偏见中的应用

    篇二:分析简爱人物__英文

    A Self-respecting and Independent Female

    —— An Analysis of Jane Eyre

    Abstract: The English novelist Charlotte Bronte is famous for her novel Jane Eyre. Jane Eyre —the protagonist of the novel is a female who seeks for independence and true love. On the basis of the collection and study of the documents which are related to the novel and given the time background, this paper emphatically analyzes Jane Eyre’ s character of pursuing equality and independence. Through the appreciation of Jane Eyre, we can improve the cognition of British literature. And at the same time, the writer hopes the females in real life could follow Jane Eyre as an example to look for their own dignity, equality and love bravely.

    Key words: Jane Eyre; self-respect; independence; equality

    一位自尊而独立的女性

    ——分析《简·爱》

    摘 要:英国小说家夏洛蒂·勃朗特以小说《简·爱》闻名于世,主人公简·爱是一位既向往独立又需要爱情的女性。在收集、研究与主题相关的资料的基础上,结合时代背景,本文着重分析研究简·爱追求独立,渴望平等的这一性格特征。通过对该文学作品的赏析,可以提高我们对英国文学知识及其文化背景的了解和认识,也希望现实生活中的女性以简·爱为典范,勇敢地追求属于自己的尊严、平等和爱情。

    关键词:简·爱;自尊;独立;平等

    1. Introduction:

    Everybody has his own dignity and maybe all the people believe that they are born to be equal. But could people still manage to keep their self-respect and courage when they are in poverty and appalling conditions? I think no one could accurately answer the question if they don’t have a try. But I want to say that perhaps no one could express such strong beliefs on looking for independence, equality and true love as fully as Jane Eyre. In Jane Eyre, Charlotte Bronte portrays one woman's desperate struggle to realise her dream. This self-respecting and brave woman has become a model of countless women at the Victorian age, even in modern times. From the novel, we should learn that all the people, especially women, have their right to pursuing what they want. It is the time for women to take courage from asking to be given equal status with men and for independence, dignity and love.

    1.1 About Charlotte Bronte

    The author’s name is Charlotte Bronte (1816-1855). She was born in Yorkshire, northern England. Her father was a poor local Anglican priest. Her mother was a housewife.

    Charlotte had 30-year-old. She spent nearly a year to write a novel -- Teacher. Her sister

    Emily and Anne were to write a novel Wuther Heights and Agnes Gray. They sent the three novels to the publishers together. Soon their publishers said, Wuther Height and Agnes Gray have been accepted, but Charlotte’s Teacher will be returned.

    It was a great blow to her. But she did not retreat, instead of beginning writing another novel. This is Jane Eyre.

    1.2 A summary of Jane Eyre

    Jane's father is a poor pastor. When she is still young, her parents both died of disease. Jane Eyre was sent to Mrs. Reid’s family. Mr. Reid told his wife to take good care of Jane Eyre before dying. But Jane Eyre in the family's status even was lower than the female. She never wanted to stay in the home of Mrs. Reid. So Mrs. Reid put her into an orphanage, where a teacher called Miss Tam Bern was very care about her. Jane stayed as a teacher for two years after graduation. She could not stand the loneliness there. So she became a teacher by advertising. So she went to the manor of Thornfield. There she fell in love with Edward Rochester, the owener of Thornfield. Then they finally got married.

    1.3 The writing background of Jane Eyre

    In Jane Eyre, Charlotte Bronte portrays one woman's desperate struggle to attain her identity in the mist of temptation, isolation, and impossible odds. In its first publication, it outraged many for its realistic portrayal of life during that time. Ultimately, the controversy of Bronte’s novel lied in its realism, challenging the role of women, religion, and mortality in the Victorian society.

    In essence, Bronte's novel became a direct assault on Victorian morality. Controversy based in its realistic exposure of thoughts once considered improper for a lady of the 19th century. Emotions any respectable girl would repress. Women at this time were not to feel passion, nor were they considered sexual beings. To conceive the thought of women expressing rage and blatantly retaliating against authority was a defiance against the traditional role of women. It challenged Victorian class structure in a strictly hierachal society.

    2. An Analysis of the Protagonist — Jane Eyre

    2.1 Jane’ s character of pursuing dignity and equality

    Jane is disadvantaged in many ways as she has no wealth, family, social position or beauty. Jane does have intelligence though, and her disposition is such to make Rochester fall in love with her. Here is seen resistance against class, as Rochester wishes to marry Jane in spite of the disapproval that will come from his class, and Jane also resists this disapproval and will marry him. However, Jane will not rebel against God or lose her self-respect and become Rochester's mistress when she finds out that he is already married. She expresses her strong belief on equality in her words:

    “ Do you think I can stay to become nothing to you? Do you think I am an automaton?-- a machine without feelings? And can bear to have my morsel of bread snatched from my lips, and my drop of living water dashed from my cup? Do you think, because I am poor, obscure, plain, and little, I am soulless and heartless? You think wrong!-- I have as much soul as you,-- and full as much heart! And if God had gifted me with some beauty and much wealth, I should have made it as hard for you to leave me, as it is now for me to leave you. I am not talking to you now through the medium of custom, conventionalities, nor even of mortal flesh;-- it is my spirit that addresses your spirit; just as if both had passed through the grave, and we stood at God's feet, equal,--as we are!”

    2.2 Jane’ s character of independence

    2.2.1 Showing independence through her actions

    In the beginning of Jane Eyre, Jane struggles against Bessie, the nurse at Gateshead Hall, and says, “I resisted all the way: a new thing for me… and, like any other rebel slave, I felt resolved, in my desperation, to go all lengths” (Chapter 2). This sentence foreshadows what will be an important theme of the rest of the book, that of female independence or rebelliousness. Jane is here resisting her unfair punishment, but throughout the novel she expresses her opinions on the state of women. Tied to this theme is another of class and the resistance of the terms of one’s class.

    Soon after Jane is settled at Lowood Institution she finds the enjoyment of expanding her own mind and talents. She forgets the hardships of living at the school and focuses on the work of her own hands. She is not willing to give this up when she is engaged to Rochester. She resists becoming dependent on him and his money. She does not want to be like his mistresses, with their fancy gowns and jewels. But even after she and Rochester are married, she wants to remain as Adele’ s governess. She is not willing to give up her independence to Rochester, and tries to seek her own fortune by writing to her uncle. In the end, when she does have her own money, she states, “I told you I am independent, sir, as well as rich: I am my own mistress” (Chapter 37).

    2.2.2 Showing independence through her thoughts

    Jane not only shows the reader her beliefs on female independence through her actions, but also through her thoughts. Jane desires to see more of the world and have more interaction with its people. While she appreciates her simple life at Thornfield, she regrets that she does not have the means to travel. She relates her feelings to all women, not just those of her class, saying:

    “Women are supposed to be very calm generally: but women feel just as men feel; they need exercise for the(转 载于:wWW.cSsYq.cOM 书业网:简爱的性格特点英文)ir faculties, and a field for their efforts as much as their brothers do; they suffer from too rigid a restraint, too absolute a stagnation, precisely as men would suffer; and it is narrow-minded in their more privileged fellow-creatures to say that they ought to confine themselves to making puddings and knitting stockings, to playing on the piano and embroidering bags” (Chapter 12).

    3. Conclusion

    Jane Eyre shaped an image of a woman who didn't yield to mundane pressure, was independent and positive. In the novel, Jane Eyre’s love story with Rochester, vividly demonstrated that the fire-like enthusiasm and absolute sincerity heart, which represented revealing her concept of love. She boldly loved what she really loved. At the fictional end of the novel, it said that Jane Eyre received a heritage and returned to the lonely and helpless Rochester. It shows the author’s ideals—women’s independence and equality in the economic, social and family and to the loyal love.

    4. The Characters

    Jane Eyre

    Jane Eyre is the orphaned protagonist of the story. When the novel begins, she is an isolated, powerless ten-year-old living with an aunt and cousins who dislike her. As the novel progresses, she grows in strength. She distinguishes herself at Lowood School because of her hard work and

    strong intellectual abilities. As a governess at Thornfield, she learns of the pleasures and pains of love through her relationship with Edward Rochester. After being deceived by him, she goes to Marsh End, where she regains her spiritual focus and discovers her own strength when she rejects St. John River’s marriage proposal. By novel’s end she has become a powerful, independent woman, blissfully married to the man she loves, Rochester.

    Edward Rochester

    Jane’s lover who is a dark, passionate, brooding man. A traditional romantic hero, Rochester has lived a troubled wife. Married to an insane Creole woman, Bertha Mason, Rochester sought solace for several years in the arms of mistresses. Finally, he seeks to purify his life and wants Jane Eyre, the innocent governess he has hired to teach his foster daughter, Adèle Varens, to become his wife. The wedding falls through when she learns of the existence of his wife. As penance for his transgressions, he is punished by the loss of an eye and a hand when Bertha sets fire to Thornfield. He finally gains happiness at the novel’s end when he is reunited with Jane.

    Sarah Reed

    Jane’s unpleasant aunt, who raises her until she is ten years old. Despite Jane’s attempts at reconciliation before her aunt’s death, her aunt refuses to relent. She dies unloved by her children and uepentant of her mistreatment of Jane.

    John Reed

    Jane’s nasty and spoiled cousin, responsible for Jane’s banishment to the red-room. Addicted to drinking and gambling, John supposedly commits suicide at the age of twenty-three when his mother is no longer willing or able to pay his debts.

    Eliza Reed

    Another one of Jane’s spoiled cousins, Eliza is insanely jealous of the beauty of her sister, Georgiana. She nastily breaks up Georgiana’s elopement with Lord Edwin Vere, and then becomes a devout Christian. But her brand of Christianity is devoid of all compassion or humanity; she shows no sympathy for her dying mother and vows to break off all contact with Georgiana after their mother’s death. Usefulness is her mantra. She enters a convent in Lisle, France, eventually becoming the Mother Superior and leaving her money to the church.

    Georgiana Reed

    Eliza’s and John’s sister, Georgiana is the beauty of the family. She’s also shallow and self-centered, interested primarily in her own pleasure. She accuses her sister, Eliza, of sabotaging her plans to marry Lord Edwin Vere. Like Eliza, she shows no emotion following their mother’s death. Eventually, Georgiana marries a wealthy, but worn-out society man.

    Bessie Lee

    The maid at Gateshead who sometimes consoles Jane by telling her entertaining stories and singing her songs. Bessie visits Jane at Lowood, impressed by Jane’s intellectual attainments and ladylike behavior. Bessie marries the coachman, Robert Leaven, and has three children.

    Mr. Lloyd

    The kind apothecary who suggests that Jane be sent to school following her horrifying experience in the red-room. His letter to Miss Temple clears Jane of the accusations Mrs. Reed has made against her.

    Mr. Brocklehurst

    The stingy, mean-hearted manager of Lowood. He hypocritically feeds the girls at the school starvation-level rations, while his wife and daughters live luxuriously. The minister of Brocklebridge Church, he represents a negative brand of Christianity, one that lacks all compassion or kindness.

    Helen Burns

    Jane’s spiritual and intellectual friend at Lowood. Although she is unfairly punished by Miss Scatcherd at Lowood, Helen maintains her poise, partially through her loving friendship with Miss Temple. From Helen, Jane learns tolerance and peace, but Jane can’t accept Helen’s rejection of the material world. Helen’s impressive intellectual attainments inspire Jane to work hard at school. Dying in Jane’s arms, Helen looks forward to peace in heaven and eventual reunion with Jane.

    Maria Temple

    The warm-hearted superintendent at Lowood who generously offers the girls bread and cheese when their breakfasts are inedible. An impressive scholar, a model of ladylike behavior and a compassionate person, Miss Temple is a positive role model for Jane. She cares for Jane and Helen, offering them seedcake in her room and providing Helen with a warm, private bed when she is dying.

    篇三:论简爱的性格特征

    论简爱的性格特征

    学生名称:彭莎莎 指导老师:徐俊芳 学习单位:江西师范大学高等职业技术学院

    摘要:

    《简·爱》是19世纪英国批判现实主义文学作家夏洛蒂·勃朗特的代表作。女主人公简没有姣好的面容,婀娜的身姿,却和其他著作中的美人一样,深深地吸引着我们,关键就在于它成功地塑造了英国文学史中第一个对爱情、生活、社会以及宗教都采取了独立自主的积极进取态度和敢于斗争、敢于反抗、敢于争取自由平等地位的生动的女性形象。

    关键词:性格、独立、自尊、平等、反抗

    Abstract: Jane Eyre is written by famous talented English critical realist woman novelist Charlotte Bronte in19th century.The heroine Jane didinot have beautiful appearance or a supple, graceful figure, but she still attracted us deeply like the beauties of other works,and the key is that it successfully created the first vivid woman image of English literature history who took a proactive and independent attitude to love, life, society, religion, and dared to struggle, dared to resist and was brave in fighting for the status of freedom and equality.

    Key words: Character, independence, Self-respect, Equality, Resistence

    一、引文:

    160多年前,英国女作家夏洛蒂.勃朗特的长篇小说《简·爱》的问世在英国文坛引起了一场轰动,在英国文学史上,被称为一部经典传世之作。它以一种不可抗拒的美感吸引了成千上万的读者,有一种抑制不住的冲动,驱使人拿起这

    本书,随之深深感动,心灵也为之震颤。这本小说通过对孤女简坎坷不平的人生经历,成功地塑造了一个不安于现状、不甘受辱、敢于抗争的女性形象,反映一个平凡心灵的坦诚倾诉的呼号和责难,反响巨大。萨克雷称赞它是“一位伟大天才的杰作”。 《评论季刊》上提到“《简·爱》与《名利场》受到同样广泛的欢迎”。乔治·艾略特则深深地被《简·爱》陶醉了”。它一经发表就以其塑造的鲜明的人物性格著称。一个有尊严和寻求平等的简·爱,这个看似柔弱而内心极具刚强韧性的女子也因为这部作品而成为无数女性心中的典范。然而,在不同的时代, 人们对这部作品的评价有很大的不同。按照维多利亚时代妇女的行为规范, 简·爱犯了两大过失: 一是主动向一个男人表达爱情; 二是她拒绝了另一个男人的求婚。随着20世纪女性主义的发展, 女性主义者们认为简·爱远远超出了自己的时代, 真正在文学中确立起妇女的独立意识.它不仅控诉了男性的压迫, 歌颂了女性的优越, 还真实地反映了女性的天然情感。著名的女性主义者弗吉尼亚·伍尔夫称赞它“勇敢、真诚、紧紧扣住女人的感受”[4]。论褒贬,女主人翁简·爱的性格促成了作品的价值。从她所经历的曲折和坎坷中, 她的独立、倔强、自尊、平等以及与命运抗争的性格充分地体现出来。

    本论文将通过该作品的历史背景,女主人公的生活经历,并且从语言、思想、行为以及动作等方面的描写来分析简爱的性格特征,从而揭示其独有的个性魅力,使现代女性从简爱的身上得到启发。

    二、正文:

    (一)作品产生的历史背景及作者的经历对该小说的影响

    1. 历史背景及其影响

    任何一部小说的诞生都与其历史背景有着密不可分的联系。19世纪上半叶,即维多利亚的早期,这一时期是一个经济快速发展的时间。随着产业革命的完成, 英国社会发生着显著的变化,一方面是贵族、资产阶级更加富裕;另一方面是下层社会人民的生活日益穷困。这一分化给社会带来波动和不安,整个社会处在持续不断的动荡不安中。这些动荡惊醒了把自由竞争作为基础的资本主义社会看成最完美的人们,使他们不再相信18世纪启蒙思想家们所宣扬的“理性社会”,也厌恶了19世纪初浪漫主义作家们对理想进行的空泛追求和朦胧的描述,从而

    对当时社会重新做一个考察和审视,揭露与批判现实社会中的种种罪恶和弊端。于是,英国文学史上出现“光辉的一派”现实主义作家。他们从不同的立场和角度分析当时的社会,宣扬自己的理想和思想。

    在此期间,诸多的社会问题之中,妇女仍被视为第二类层次结构,此时,妇女作为廉价劳动力,被迫做着很辛苦的工作,他们没有得到相应的对待,因此,在维多利亚时代后期,女权主义运动开始为妇女的平等和自由而斗争,并为他们的教育和就业机会[3]。其中一些优秀的女性,如著名的女性作家勃朗特姐妹,他们就是这些伟大的英国现实主义者[2虽然资本主义已经出现,但是旧的惯例和偏见依然占主导地位。他们既创造了资产阶级文明的照片,又显示了百姓的苦难。

    2. 作者及其对小说的影响

    夏洛蒂·勃朗特(Charlotte Bronte,1816—1855) 生于英国北部的一个乡村牧师家庭。母亲早逝,一生多半在苦难和不幸中度过,没有欢乐和幸福,恶劣的生活条件和流行的瘟疫夺去了两个妹妹的生命。15岁时她进了伍勒小姐办的学校读书,几年后又在这个学校当教师。后来她曾作家庭教师,尽管工作努力,但所受的是非人的待遇,终因不能忍受贵妇人、阔小姐对家庭教师的歧视和刻薄,放弃了家庭教师的谋生之路。生活上的多灾多难构成了她悲剧的一生,形成她孤独、抑郁而又嫉恶如仇的性格,这种性格使她作品形成了与众不同的凝滞抑郁的独特风格,这种风格突出表现在代表作《简·爱》当中,而人们也普遍认为《简·爱》是夏洛蒂·勃朗特“诗意的生平写照”,是一部具有自传色彩的作品。在男女不平等的社会里,妇女受人们歧视,地位低下。她们没有权利,没有资产,只是男人的附庸和奴婢,依靠着男人的恩宠和施舍来生活。面对这种现实,作者通过简爱这个人物形象,宣泄自己对社会的怨愤和不平,展示自己对妇女平等地位的追求。小说女主人公那反抗、倔强、独立、自主和追求平等自由的性格就不仅仅是对压迫,歧视妇女的资本主义社会和不平等买卖婚姻的揭发抗议,同时也是对争取独立自主和妇女解放的热情高喊[3]。

    (二)简爱的性格特征及其具体表现

    1. 叛逆反抗,自尊自主

    简爱的内心是叛逆反抗的,从来没有放弃自尊和自主。简·爱是个孤女,出生于一个穷牧师家庭。父母由于染上伤寒而相继去世。幼小的简寄养在舅父

    母家里。舅父里德先生在红房子中去世后,简过了10年受尽歧视和虐待的生活。面对这种不公平的境况, 简·爱并没有忍气吞声, 而是萌生了反抗情绪。当表兄不分青红皂白地狂打她时, 被积压已久的愤怒终于暴发出来,演变为激烈的动作和语言, 怒斥他的表兄:“你是个恶毒残暴的孩子,你像个杀人犯.像个奴隶监工—.. —你像个罗马皇帝![1]”敢于指责冷酷护短的舅妈。在简被送到洛伍德学校之前, 里德太太造谣说简品格坏, 爱说谎, 面对这种无端的指控, 她勇于捍卫自己的尊严, 敢于与舅妈代表的强权作斗争, 奋力反驳到:“别人以为你是个好女人, 可是你坏, 你狠心。你才会骗人呢![1]”寄人篱下的生活境况, 长期受到欺负和责骂, 使简幼小的心灵中充满了爱与恨的激情, 养成了“大胆, 激越, 坚强的个性 [5]”。这样的童年的生活让读者初步了解她的反抗性格和捍卫独立人格的精神起点。

    从下面的几段描述中可以看到简爱的内心是多么的叛逆反抗!

    “我被他打倒,头还在痛,血还在流;约翰粗暴地打了我,没有人责备他;而我,为了叫他以后不再干出这种荒唐的暴行,却受到了众人的许多责难。不公平!——不公平啊!”我理智的说。令人痛苦的刺激逼得我的理智一时早熟地发挥了威力;“决心”也同样被鼓舞起来,催促着我采取什么奇妙的方法,从这难以忍受的压迫下逃跑——譬如出走,或者,万一走不了的话,就永远不再吃,不再喝,听任自己饿死。在那一个悲惨的下午,我的灵魂是多么惶恐不安啊!我整个脑海里是多么混乱啊!我的心有多么的反抗啊!然而,这一精神上的搏斗,是在怎么样的黑暗,怎么样的愚昧中进行的啊!我无法回答内心的这个不断提出的问题:为什么我这样受苦,而如今,隔了——我不愿说隔了多少年——我却看的明明白白了[1]。”

    简爱非常的重视自我,她说:"我是自己的主人",当一对恋人的结婚计划被粉碎时,罗彻斯特提议到法国去过同居生活,尽管这个方案对于热恋中的人来说具有无可争辩的诱惑力,但是她拒绝了——“我关心我自己。越孤独,越没有朋友,越没有人帮助,我越要自重[1]”。她从此逃离了。

    2. 追求精神上的自由和平等

    自由、平等是简爱的性格中最显著的特征之一。当简爱发觉她深深地爱上了主人后,在地位如此悬殊的情况下,她却敢于去爱,因为她坚信人在精神上都

    是平等的。一个穷教师斗胆爱上一个上流人物,在等级深严的社会观念看来,无异于乞丐万奢望国王,所以这本身就是向社会及偏见的大胆挑战。惟其如此,它也就意味着遭受嘲笑或侮辱,只有像简爱这样并不把权贵放在心上的人才能去坦坦荡荡地爱。不论贫困还是富有,更不会因为罗彻斯特身体上的残缺而弃之不顾。

    平等观念是简爱性格构成的一个关键因素,更是她为之抗争的原始动力。平等观念的接受和确立,令简爱轻而易举地和其他人站在同一水平线上,驱逐自卑的阴影,她因而变得自尊、自信而振奋。

    从一下这段经典对白中可以看到简爱的强烈的平等的观念:

    “我告诉你我非走不可!”我回驳着,感情很有些冲动。“你难道认为,我会留下来甘愿做一个对你来说无足轻重的人?你以为我是一架机器?——一架没有感情的机器?你以为, 因为我穷、低微、不美、矮小, 我就没有灵魂没有心吗?你想错了! ———我的灵魂跟你一样, 我的心也跟你的完全一样!要是上帝赐予我一点姿色和充足的财富,我会使你同我现在一样难分难舍,我不是根据习俗、常规,甚至也不是血肉之躯同你说话,而是我的灵魂同你的灵魂在对话,就仿佛我们两人穿过坟墓,站在上帝脚下,彼此平等——本来就如此![1]”

    基于此,她表达爱情的方式才不是甜腻的赞美,温柔的絮语,更不是祈求,诱惑或勾引,归根结底,她追求的是两颗心的平等结合,是简爱发内心的为精神平等观念的辩护。正是这番话使罗彻斯特明白了她的感情, 确定了对她的爱恋与尊重。

    3. 追求真正意义上、完整的爱情

    (1)勇于追求真爱, 表现果断、独立、有主见

    为了过独立的生活,离开学校后, 简来到了桑菲尔德庄园。在这里, 简赢得了男主人公的等级制度和世俗观念挑战。在罗彻斯特面前,她从不因为自己是一个地位卑贱的家庭教师而感到自卑,反而认为他们是平等的。也正是因为她的纯洁、高尚、正直和没有受到世俗污染的心灵,使罗彻斯特为之震撼,并把她看做一个可以和自己在精神上平等交谈的人,并且慢慢地深深地爱上她。

    可是在得知罗彻斯特还有疯了的合法妻子,她不得不面临两难的选择: 她的精神、灵魂希望与罗彻斯特在一起, 可是理智告诉她必须离开。留下意味着成为