• 秘书基础
  • 写作指导
  • 毕业设计
  • 办公表格
  • 谈判技巧
  • 工商税务
  • 新闻报道
  • 个人写作
  • 广告文案
  • 论文致谢
  • 邀请函
  • 接收函
  • 调档函
  • 决心书
  • 借条范本
  • 工作方案
  • 策划方案
  • 论文格式
  • 影评
  • 谜语
  • 解说
  • 献词
  • 主题班会
  • 标语口号
  • 自传
  • 职责
  • 制度
  • 灯谜
  • 寄语
  • 广告
  • 片段
  • 摘抄
  • 告白表白
  • 座右铭
  • 签名
  • 留言
  • 解读
  • 朗诵
  • 您现在的位置:书业网 > 范文 > 文秘写作 > 个人写作 > 正文

    大学英语四级写作

    来源:书业网 时间:2017-06-28

    篇一:大学英语四级写作基本要求

    大学英语四级写作基本要求

    基础阶段学生写作能力的基本要求为:能在阅读难度与课文相仿的书面材料时作笔记、回答问题、写提纲,能就一定的话题或提纲在半小时内写出120 ~150 个词的短文,能写短信和便条,表达意思清楚、无重大语言错误。

    写作能力测试部分比例为15%,体裁包括议论文、说明文、应用文等。

    分析:四级作文范文档的要求是:切题。表达思想清楚、文字通顺,连贯性较好。基本无语言错误,仅有个别小错。该要求蕴涵着大学英语写作的四个基本考点:

    1、 切题——所谓切题是指在形式上诸如段落、字数、文体、格式等方面满足题目要求,并在内容上没有偏差。

    2、 表达清楚、条理清晰——本要求考查学生对文章结构的掌握,要求文章主题观点明确,有头有尾,论证说明安排有主次,有轻重。

    3、 文字通顺,连贯性较好——本要求考查学生对过渡句和连接词或词组的掌握和运用,要求文章句子内部与句子之间通顺连贯,不突兀。 4、 基本无语言错误——本要求考查学生语言基本功的掌握,包括语法与拼写两部分。 评分原则与评分标准

    1. CET – 4 检查考生是否达到大学英语教学大纲规定的四级教学要求,对作文的评判应以此要求为准则。

    2. CET – 4 作文题采用总体评分(Global Scoring)方法。阅卷人员就总的印象给出奖励分(Reward Scores), 而不是按语言点的错误数量扣分。

    3. 从内容和语言两个方面对作文进行综合评判。内容和语言是一个统一体。作文应表达题目所规定的内容,而内容要通过语言来表达。要考虑作文是否切题,是否充分表达思想,也要考虑是否用英语清楚而恰当地表达思想,也就是要考虑语言上的错误是否会造成理解上的障碍。

    4. 避免趋中倾向。该给高分的给高分,包括满分;该给低分的给低分,包括0分。一名阅卷人员在所评阅的全部作文卷中不应只给中间的几种分数。

    5. 字数不足以应酌情扣分:

    (1)如题目中给出主题句、起始句、结束句,均不得计入所写字数。

    (2)只写一段者:0 ~ 4分;只写两段者:0 ~ 9分。(指规定三段的作文)

    在写作时还需注意以下事项:

    1. 字迹清晰。由于四级作文的阅卷方式是先扫描后复制到电脑上,然后由阅卷老师在电脑上阅卷,所以在阅卷老师主观判卷的过程中,作文的框架以及书写的整洁程度 会对最终的分数产生很大的影响。笔者建议考生采用黑色水笔作答,这样可以显得更加清晰。同时提醒考生,切勿将答题卡折叠。

    2. 严格按给定提纲的顺序写作。考生在组织作文的写作思路时,要严格按照提纲给定的要求写作。当然,考生也可以灵活运用写作套路,使用一些经典词汇或句型,把提纲句作为中心句放在每段的开头,后面再加上由逻辑词连接的分支观点,做到―以不变应万变‖。

    3. 文章至少三段。四级写作的判卷规则有一条是这样规定的:只写一段 0~7分;两段0~9分。因此,笔者建议考生至少写三段内容。

    4. 保证字数。四级写作规定的字数是120词或150词左右,每少10个单词扣1分,因而考生在写作时一定要注意达到相应字数。

    四级写作难点分析及应对策略

    难点一:主观判分,有所影响

    不可否认,四级考试是目前国内各种英语测试中规模很大、公信度较高、科学性和客观性较强的一种,能够较客观地考察出一个人的实际英语能力。但写作仍然是四级考试中主观性较大的部分,存在主观判卷的弊端。虽然考官依据四级作文评分标准进行阅卷,但由于前文所述的考官在判卷中的弱点、盲点,人为因素不可避免。

    难点二:体裁多样,难度较大

    它既有书信作文,演讲稿,图表作文,也有议论文写作。字数要求也是国内英语测试中较多的,30分钟要求考生写一篇150字的短文。书信作文、议论文等尚能有章可循,然而图表作文却无从下手。这是因为国内各个层次的英语教学甚少涉及图表作文,并且要写好图表作文,不仅需要良好的英语语言能力,同时还应具备相应的分析、归纳能力。 难点三:老题新出,千变万化

    四级作文有完善的出题套路,往往通过换关键词的方式可以旧瓶装新酒,老树开新花。 大学英语四级写作:应对策略与语言组织技巧

    一、文字通顺连贯

    英语中的过渡句和连接词是文章通顺连贯的重要标志,根据语法中的平行和从属结构原则,一个复合句中必须要有一个连接词,否则句子是不符合语法规则的。如:

    All flights had been cancelled, the passengers had to go there by train. 本句的两部分都有完整的主谓,但并没有连接词加以连接,故是错误的,应改为:Because all flights had been cancelled, the passengers had to go there by train.或All flights had been cancelled, so the passengers had to go there by train.或用分词形式All flights having been cancelled, the

    passengers had to go there by train.由以上例子可以看出,复合句内部必须要有连接词,有时句子之间也需要连接词,而连接词体现的是句子内部和句子之间严谨的逻辑和论证推理关系,是英文语言最大的价值之一。当然段与段之间还需要过渡句或过渡词组来加以联系,以达到通顺之效果。

    以下是我们对写作中英文逻辑关系以及引导各种逻辑关系连接词和词组的归纳:总结关系过渡词语

    generally speaking, generally, as a general rule, in general, on a larger scale, to take the idea further, to take the above opinion to an extreme, in a sense, in one sense, in a way, to some extent, in my opinion, in my view, as for me, as far as I am concerned, obviously, undoubtedly, in terms of, in conclusion, in short, in brief, in summary, in a word, on the whole, to sum up, to conclude 比较对比关系过渡词语

    similarly, likewise, like, too, equally important, the same as, in common, in the same way, on the contrary, on the one hand, on the other hand, otherwise, in sharp contrast, whereas, rather than, conversely, instead, in/by contrast, but, however, yet, nevertheless

    列举关系过渡词语

    for example, for instance, as an example, as a case in point, such as, namely, that is, like, thus, first, second, third, finally, in the first place, initially, first of all, to begin with, to start with, what is more, furthermore, eventually, besides, in addition (to that), first and foremost, last but not least, next, also, moreover, for one thing, for another

    因果关系过渡词语

    because (of), as, since, for, owing to, due to, thanks to, on account of, as a result of, result in (from), consequently, for the reason that, as a consequence, consequently, if follows that, accordingly, therefore, hence

    让步关系过渡词语

    although, even though, after all, in spite of, despite, granted that

    强调关系过渡词语

    anyway, certainly, surely, obviously, to be sure, especially, particularly, above all, in deed, in fact, even worse, needless to say, most important of all, no doubt

    递进关系

    in addition, furthermore, also, moreover, besides, again, and, likewise, what's more时间顺序

    afterwards, at last, at length, immediately, in the meantime, lately, meanwhile, presently, shortly, since, soon, temporarily, thereafter, while

    方位序列

    in front of, beside, beyond, above, below, inside, outside, on the left, on the right

    方式手段

    as, as if, as though, the way,by

    目的关系

    that, so that, lest, in case, for fear that, in order that

    二、书写工整,避免严重语言错误。

    写作中常见错误归纳

    语法错误

    · 时态错误

    在描述过去发生的事情时要用过去时,如果是一般事实应该用现在时……。这些语法规则是大家耳熟能详的,但落到笔下就容易忘记。

    · 一致性,尤其是主谓搭配

    · 代词指代的一致

    · 句子不完整

    · 人称转换错误

    · 比较级使用错误:more better than; There are many advantages than…

    · 冠词用法错误:如:a easy job, City of the Beijing, He is a brightest student in his class. · 介词用法错误: This machine is superior than (to) the old one.

    · 大小写错误

    拼写错误

    一些经常容易搞混淆或拼错的单词:

    environment-------环境,容易写成enviroment

    government--------政府,容易误拼成goverment

    modern-------------现代的,容易拼成morden

    delighted-----------感到高兴的; delightful--------使人高兴的

    economic-----------有关经济的; economical----节俭的,经济的

    historic--------------有历史意义的; historical-------关于历史的

    considerate---------关心别人的; considerable----相当大的,相当多的

    三、词语的使用

    选 词

    多用近义词

    make manufacture

    buy purchase

    finish accomplish

    end terminate

    use utilize

    区分具体与抽象的词

    词从语义上可分为具体与抽象两种类别,例如:

    抽象具体

    good kind, honest, generous, warm-hearted, selfless, friendly

    laugh smile, chuckle, snigger

    scientistphysicist, biologist, chemist

    抽象词意范围大,概括力强,但给人以空洞的感觉,适合于文章的开头和结尾等总结性部分。具体词意义有针对性、个性和精确性,给人以确切的概念,适合用于段落中细节的刻画,论点的阐述以及事物的描写。如果用抽象的词来表达具体的事物,便会给人笼统的感觉:a.

    抽象: The man is good.

    具体: The man is selfless.

    b.

    抽象: There are three men in the room.

    具体: There are three little boys in the room.

    善于使用代词

    A scientist draws conclusions by studying the facts he collects.

    Such symbols as are used to represent chemical elements should be firmly kept in mind.

    四、句式变换

    在了解组织句子的四个特点之后,我们重点看一下句子组织形式的多样化,即在120-150词内,尽量使用不同的句子形式,常用的句型如下:

    主语从句

    定语从句 (限定性和非限定性)

    状语从句 (时间,原因,地点,条件,让步等)

    分词短语做定语或状语

    强调句

    倒装句

    省略句

    What句型

    设问句

    主语和主语从句

    宾语从句

    表语从句

    倒装句式

    部分倒装的情况:

    全部倒装

    排比平行结构

    五、段落组织技巧

    开头段

    开头段的作用是概括陈述主题,提出观点或论点,表明写作意图,要求语言精练,直接切入主题或引出观点,一般不对主题进行深入的探讨,具体的论证或说明描述应该在中间段落进行,开头段一般写三、四句即可。在组织开头段时要注意避免以下几点:

    · 开头偏离主题太远,否则会容易导致切题不准,主题不明

    · 使用抱歉或埋怨之词句,因为社会主旋律是倡导积极向上的思想

    · 内容不具体,言之无物,使用不言自明的陈述,给人以充数累赘之感

    四级写作中常用的开头段的表达方法举例如下:

    · 使用引语(use a quotation)

    使用一段名人名言,或人们常用的谚语、习语,以确定文章的写作范围和方向。如:

    ―Great minds must be ready not only to take the opportunity, but to make them.‖ Colton, a great writer once remarked. But it still has a profound significance now. To a person, in whose lifetime opportunities are not many, to make opportunities is more essential to his success. · 引用具体或粗略的数据 (use figures or statistics)

    当然对于图表题型,该种方法是必须的选择,具体做法是给出一些具体或粗略的数据,然后作出概括性分析,点明主题或引出需要论述的问题。

    · 提出问题(ask a question)

    提出有争议或探讨性的具体问题,然后加以简要回答或展开引导性简短讨论。· 给出具体实例或报道(offer relevant examples or reports)

    · 定义法(give definition)

    · 主题句法(use of topic sentence)

    文章一开始就以主题句点明全文主题,然后围绕主题内容进行发展。

    开头段的常用核心句型归纳如下,大家可选择使用:

    · As opposed to generally accepted views, I believe that …

    · The arguer may be right about …, but he seems to neglect to mention the fact that ….· Although it is commonly agreed that …, it is unlikely to be true that ….

    · There is an element of truth in this statement, but it ignores a deeper and more basic fact that ….

    · In all the discussion and debate over …, one important fact is generally overlooked.· On the surface (At first thought), it (this) may seem a sound (an attractive) suggestion (solution / idea), but careful weighing on the mind (on closer analysis / on second thought), we find that …

    · Although many people believe that …, I wonder whether the argument bears much analysis

    · The danger (problem / fact / truth / point) is that….

    · I agree with the above statement because I believe that ….

    · There is a public controversy nowadays over the issue of …. Those who object to … argue that …. But people who favor …, on the other hand, argue that….

    · Currently (In recent years / In the past few years / For many years now), there is (has been) a(n) general (widespread / growing / widely held) feeling towards (concern over / attitude towards / trend towards / awareness of / realization of / illusion of / belief in)….· As far as I am concerned, however, I believe that ….

    · Now it is commonly (widely / generally / increasingly) believed (thought / held / accepted/ felt / recognized / acknowledged) that …. But I wonder (doubt) whether … 结尾段

    结尾段的写作方法可以归纳如下:

    · 总结归纳

    简要总结归纳文章要点,以便深化主题印象。如:

    In conclusion I would like to say that children need to be understood but children also need to understand their parents. It is only when parents and children come to understand each other that we can solve problems effectively and narrow the generation gap.

    · 重申主题

    再次强调和确定文章开头阐述的中心思想。如:

    Admittedly, science has created atomic bombs and produced pervasive pollution. But it has transformed the lives of millions of people. It has multiplied man’s energy, hopes, ambitions and understanding. It has elevated and will continue to elevate man intellectually and spiritually. 分析:文章对前文的观点进行了重复,使之更加鲜明。

    · 预测展望

    立足当前,放眼未来。如:

    篇二:大学英语四级考试写作技巧

    大学英语四级考试写作

    大学英语四级考试写作题型根据教育部颁布的大学英语教学大纲的要求,大学英语四级考试的命题形式有以下几种:首尾句作文、提纲作文、图表作文、命题作文、书信体作文等。首尾句作文是根据段首(尾)句续写短文。段首句作文也称主题句作文,因为作文题中所给的段首句往往是段落主题句。其特点是以题目为中心,一般情况下将文章分为三个段落,每段首句即为该段的主题句(topic sentences)。考生要按主题句的要求组织材料,提出论据,用一些辅助句(supporting sentences)来支持或说明主题句,写英文段首句作文要注意:所写的内容要紧扣主题,辅助句应围绕段首句续写。保证段内每个句子的内容与段首句紧密展开各个段落,如:例证、因果、定义、比较对比、程序等。要注意句与句之间,特别是段首句与辅助句之间的自然衔接。另外,所给的段首句有时是一个完整的句子,有时不是一个完整的句子,只是句子的一部分,这就要求我们一定要审好题。找出其中表示中心思想的关键词,围绕这些关键词去扩展、描述或说明。

    [例1]Directions :For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition about Women in the Modern World in three paragraphs. You are given the first sentence of each

    paragraph and are required to develop the idea in completing the paragraph; your part of the composition should be about 100 words, not including the words given. Remember to write clearly.

    范文

    Women in the Modern World

    Women are playing an increasingly important role in society. Successful women who are government officials, writers, scientists, doctors and teachers can be found everywhere. It is true that many jobs that once were dominated by men can be done well by women.

    With the changes in their social role, women’s position in the family has been improved as well. The husband is no longer the only bread maker in the family and the wife no longer lives on others. They share comforts and hardships with each other.

    In spite of these changes, the liberation of women has not been completely realized. Women still face many difficulties and obstacles due to traditional roles and limited economic strength. Women still have a long way to go in their struggle for complete equality with men.

    第一段首句是讲妇女在社会上的作用,因而续写的内容

    紧紧围绕妇女的社会作用,比如,妇女可以是政府机关的工作人员、科学家、教师等;第二句的段首句是关于妇女在家庭中的地位也提高了,续写的内容也是有关夫妻患难与共;第三句的段首句是讲妇女解放仍然任重而道远,续写的部分提出了妇女所面临的问题,整个续写的部分紧扣段首句。 [例2]Directions :Write a composition about What Would Happen If There Were No power in three paragraphs, you are given the first sentence or part of the first sentence of each paragraph:

    1. Ever since early this century, electricity has become an essential part of our modern life.

    2. If there were no electric power,...

    3. Therefore,...

    [范文]

    What Would Happen If There Were No Power

    Ever since early this century, electricity has become an essential part of our modern life. It has played a decisive role in the modern world. Everybody admits that development of our civilization depends on electricity.

    If there were no electricity power, our modern world would be in trouble. For instance, all the wheel would stop because without the power the machine would cease working. And all

    the electrical equipment life would be impossible and in a great mass without electricity.

    Therefore, we should make better use of elective power. On the other hand, we should educate people to economize on electricity and not to waste energy resources. At the same time we must do our best to exploit more electric resources to meet the requirements of human beings.

    第一段的段首句是讲电已经成为人们现代生活中必不可少的部分,因而接下来的续写部分应强调它的重要性。第二段的段首句提出如果没有电的假设,下面列出没有电将会出现的麻烦。最后一段指出我们应该节约用电,开拓更多的电力资源。

    关键词作文是根据作文题目以及所给出的关键词写短文。关键词的数目由几个到十几个不等。写这种题型的作文,要特别注意关键词的作用。关键词是短文内容发展的“路标”,在作文思路和写作内容上起着决定乾坤的作用。因此,写出的文章要把所给的这些关键词都用上,可以一句中用上几个词,也可以几句中用上一个词,只要能做到恰到好处即可。而且,要学会根据所给关键词的语义群分段。如果所给的关键词可以分为三组,那么,短文就可以写成三段。如果给出的关键词是两组,短文就可以写为两段。再者,要把给出的关键词用在刀刃上,即各段的主题句以及结尾的主题句都应

    该有关键词。

    [例1]

    Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a passage on “The Advantages of Travel” based on the words and phrases given: advantages widen our knowledge, make friends, knowledge or geography, beautiful scenery, different lifestyle, customs and cultures, various foods, practice a foreign language, worth spending the time.

    [范文]

    The Advantages of Travel

    Whenever a college student is asked “What are you going to do this summer vacation?”the most probable answer might be “I am going to have a trip.”It seems that college students are fond of traveling very much. Why?Because travel has numerous advantages. First of all,travel can widen our knowledge of geography,the knowledge of different customs, cultures and lifestyles of different places and countries. Secondly, we can make friends and practice a foreign language through traveling. Finally, travel is the best way of spending time. We can enjoy eating various local foods and seeing beautiful scenery.In a word, we can benefit from travel in more than one way. It is worth spending the time.

    篇三:大学英语四级写作模板——经典范文模块

    大学英语四级考试写作模板——经典范文模块

    一、 不同观点列举型 There is a widespread concern over the issue that ( 作 文 题 目 ),but it is well know that the opinion concerning this hot topic various from person to person .A majority of people think that (观点一).In their views there are factors contributing to this attitude as

    fellow .In the first place ,(原因一),Further more ,in the secend place ,(原因二).So it goes without saying that (观点一). People ,however differ in their opinions ,on this mather ,some people hold the idea that (观点二).In their point of view ,on the hand ,( 原 因 一 ),on the other hand ,(原因二).There is no doubt that (观点二). As far as i am concerned ,i firmly support the view the (观点一或观点二).It is not only because ( ),but

    also because ( ).The more .the more( ).

    二、 利弊型的议论文 Nowadays,there is a widespread concern over the issue that (作文题目).In fact,there are both advantages in ( ).Generally speaking ,it is widely believed that

    there are several positive aspects as follows.Fisrtly (优 点一).And secendly(优点二). Just as a popular saying goes "every coin has two sides".( )is no expection ,and in another word ,it still has negative aspects,to begin with (缺点一), in addition (缺 点二). To sum up,we should try to bring the advantages of ( )into full play ,and reduce the disadvantages to the

    minium at the same time.In that case ,we will definitly make a better use of the ( ).

    三、说明原因型模块 Currently, XX has been the order of the day. This does demonstrate the theory —— nothing is more valuable than XX It is clear that (1). If you (2), as a result, your dreams will come true. On the contrary, if you (3).Failure will be following with you. It turns out that all your plan falls through. No one can deny another fact that (4).You don't have to look very far to find out the truth, in respect that we all know (5).It will exert a profound influence upon

    (6).With reference to my standpoint, I think (7).

    注释: 1、XX 的第一个优点 2、支持 XX 的做法 3、不支持 XX 的做法 4、XX 的第二个优点 5、举例证明优点二 6、说明 XX 优点三的影响

    相应作文: The importance of self-confidence Currently, self-confidence has been the order of the day. This does demonstrate the theory —— nothing is more valuable than self-confidence. It is clear that (self-confidence means trust in one's abilities). If you (are full of self-confidence, it will bring your creative power to play, arouse your enthusiasm for work, and help you overcome difficulties), as a result, your dreams will come true. On the contrary, if you (have no confidence in yourself, there is little possibility that you would ever achieve anything ). Failure will be following with you。It turns out that all your plan falls through. No one can deny another fact that (self-confidence gives you light when you are in dark and encouragement when you are dismayed).You don't have to look very far to find out the truth, in respect that we all know (the secret of MMe. Curie lies in perseverance and self-confidence, the latter in particular). It will exert a profound influence upon (the achievement of one's ambitions). With reference to my

    standpoint, I think (he that can have self-confidence can have what he will).

    四、说明原因型模块 In recent years, XX has caused a heated debate on (1). The factors for

    (2).First of all, (3).Then, there comes a case that (4). Moreover, (5). Especially when (6).Indeed, these unique points can be collected the remind people that (7).In this way, we should behave just like (8).

    相应作文:

    The impact of Television In recent years, with the development of science and technology, 80 percent of all homes in China have satellite TV, offering as many as 50 channels. It has caused a heated debate on (the impact of television on children). Many parents are worried about the impact of so much television on children. The factors for (parents' worry is that children are indulge in television and spend too much time on it.).First of all, (with so many programs to choose from, children are not getting as much exercise as they should ).Then, there comes a cas

    大学英语四级写作

    e that (some studies have show that excessive watching of television by millions of children has lowered their ability to achieve in school ). Moreover, (the effect on children's minds are more serious than the effect on children's bodies). Especially when (the children are too small to judge what programs are suit to them).Indeed, these unique points can be connected to remind parents that (they should pay close attention to and responsibilities for supervising their children's TV viewing).In this way, children will not be influenced too deeply. 三、说明原因型模块 For most of us today, (1). From above, we can find that the reasons why (2)are as follows.The primary reason, I think, is (3).Second, (4). The third reason, actually, is (5). The significance for (6). Therefore, (7).

    注释: 1、人们针对 XX 的态度和举措 2、归纳现状 3、第一个原因 4、第二个原因 5、第三个原因 6、重申造成现状的最重要原因

    相应作文: Pollution Most of us today (recognize that environmental pollution has been a greatly serious problem. lots of plants trees corps are destroyed by bad air. many fish die of poisonous water. thousands of people die from eating poisoned fish or breathing in gas. therefore, environmental pollution should be responsible for these diseases that are disabling, or bringing death not only to human beings, but also to wild life.)From above, we can find that the reasons why (environment are polluted more and more seriously)are as follows. the primary reason, I think, is (the reason of harmful substances into environment. for example, to prevent insects, farmers make use of great amounts of insecticides, so as to have bumper harvests. however, they pollute air, water

    and land ).Second,(the gas coming from the car engines and factories also make environment polluted badly ). the third reason actually is (the result of a growing population in the world. everyday, so much litter and waste are poured out from houses, also pollute the environment ). The significance for (controlling pollution) noted that it's high time that more effective measures should be taken. Therefore, (new laws should be passed to limit the amount of pollutants from factories. moreover, in the households, there is an obvious need to reduce litter and waste. let's make our good efforts, and the world will be a safer place to live for us).

    五、说明原因型模块 These days we often hear that (1).It is common that (2). Why does such circumstance occur in spite of social protects? For one thing, (3).For another, (4). What is more, since (5),it is natural that (6).To solve the problem is not easy at all, but is worth trying. We should do something such as (7) to improve he present situation, and I do believe everything will be better in the future.

    注释: 1、提出论题 2、说明现状 3、理由一 4、理由二 5、理由三 6、理由三引起的后果 7、解决方法

    相应作文: Pollution of environment These days we often hear that (our living

    conditions are getting more and more serious because of the destruction of our environment ).It is common that (many trees and animals are near extinction, and the all-important food chain has been destroyed.). Why does such circumstance occur in spite of social protects? For one thing, (the population of the world is increasing so rapidly that the world has been so crowded. ).For another,(the overuse of natural resources has influenced the balance of natural ecology ). What is more, since (the industrial revolution ),it is natural that (a great number of factories have been springing up like mushrooms. The smoke and harmful chemicals released from factories also pollute the environment). To solve the problem is not easy at all, but is worthing. We should do something such as (planting more trees, equipping cars with pollution-control devices and

    learning to recycling natural resources )to improve the present situation, and I do believe everything will be better in the future.

    六、图表式作文写作模板 It is obvious in the graphic/table that the rate/number/amount of Y has undergone dramatic changes. It has gone up/grown/fallen/dropped considerably in recent years (as X varies). At the point of X1, Y reaches its peak value of……(多少). What is the reason for this change? Mainly there are…… (多 少)reasons behind the situation reflected in the graphic/table. First of all,……(第 一个原因). More importantly,……(第二个原因). Most important of all,……(第三个原 因). From the above discussions, we have enough reason to predict what will happen in the near future. The trend described in the graphic/table will continue for quite a long time (if necessary measures are not taken 括号里的使用于那些不 太好的变化趋势).

    七、 提纲式作文写作模板

    1、对立观点式 A. 有人认为 X 是好事,赞成 X,为什么? B. 有人认为 X 是坏事,反对 X,为什么? C. 我的看法。 Some people are in favor of the idea of doing X. They point out the fact that 支持 X 的第一个原因。They also argue that 支持 X 的另一个原因。However, other people stand on a different ground. They consider it harmful to do X. They firmly point out that 反对 X 的第一个理由。 An example can give the details of this argument: There is some truth in both arguments. But I think the advantages of X overweigh the disadvantages. In addition to the above-mentioned negative effects it might bring about, X also may X 的有一个坏处。

    2、批驳观点式 A.一个错误观点。 B. 我不同意。 Many people argue that 错误观

    点。 saying that, they mean 对 By 这个观点的进一步解释。An example they have presented is that 一个例子。 (According to a survey performed by X on a group of Y, almost 80% of them 赞 成这个错误观点或者受到这个错误观点的影响)。 There might be some element of truth in these people's belief. But if we consider it in depth, we will feel no reservation to conclude that 与错误观点相反的观点。There are a number of reasons behind my belief. (以下参照辩论文的议论文写法)。

    3、社会问题(现象)式 A.一个社会问题或者现象 B.产生的原因

    C.对社会和我们生活的影响 D.如何杜绝。(如果是问题的话) E.前景的预测。 Nowadays, there exists an increasingly serious social/economic/environmental problem. (X has increasingly become a common concern of the public). According to a survey, 调查内容说明这种现象的情 况。(或者是一个例子)。 There are a couple of reasons booming this problem/phenomenon.下面参照辩论式议论文写法。 X has caused substantial impact on the society and our daily life, which has been articulated in the following aspects. 参照辩论式议论文的写法。 A dozen of measures are supposed to take to prevent X from bringing us more harm. 同上 Based on the above discussions, I can easily forecast that more and more people will……

    辩论式议论文模版(一) Some people believe (argue, recognize, think)that 观点1. But other people take an opposite side. They firmly believe that 观点2. As for me, I agree to the former/latter idea. There are a dozen of reasons behind my belief. First of all, 论据1. More importantly, 论据2. Most important of all, 论据3. In summary, 总结观点。 As a college student, I am supposed to 表决 心。或 From above, we can predict that 预测。

    辩论式议论文模版(二) People hold different views about X. Some people are of the opinion that 观点1. While others point out that 观点2. As far as I am concerned, the former/latter opinion holds more weight. For one thing, 论据1. For another, 论据2. Last but not the least, 论据3. To conclude, 总结观点. As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心。 或 From above, we can predict that 预测。

    辩论式议论文模版(三) There is no consensus of opinions among people about X(争论的焦点)。Some people are of the view that 观点1. While others take an opposite side, firmly believing that 观点2. As far as I am concerned, the former/latter notion is preferable in many senses. The reasons are obvious. First of all, 论据1. Furthermore,

    论据2. Among all of the supporting evidences, one is the strongest. That is, 论据3. A natural conclusion from the above discussion is that 总结观点。As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心。