• 工作总结
  • 自我总结
  • 学习总结
  • 培训总结
  • 个人总结
  • 军训总结
  • 实习总结
  • 销售工作总结
  • 试用期工作总结
  • 转正工作总结
  • 党团工作总结
  • 周工作总结
  • 机关部门总结
  • 企业工作总结
  • 班主任工作总结
  • 教学工作总结
  • 财务工作总结
  • 医院工作总结
  • 生产工作总结
  • 政务工作总结
  • 学生会工作总结
  • 教师工作总结
  • 学生工作总结
  • 半年工作总结
  • 金融工作总结
  • 工会工作总结
  • 技术工作总结
  • 税务工作总结
  • 少先队工作总结
  • 学校工作总结
  • 德育工作总结
  • 年终工作总结
  • 会计工作总结
  • 社区工作总结
  • 安全工作总结
  • 总结写作指导
  • 行政后勤工作总结
  • 其他工作总结
  • 计划生育工作总结
  • 办公室工作总结
  • 单位工作总结
  • 卫生工作总结
  • 科学发展观总结
  • 农村农业工作总结
  • 人力资源工作总结
  • 年度工作总结
  • 毕业总结
  • 班级工作总结
  • 幼儿园工作总结
  • 团支部工作总结
  • 您现在的位置:书业网 > 范文 > 工作总结 > 总结写作指导 > 正文

    雅思写作语法总结(简洁全面) (4000字)

    来源:书业网 时间:2016-01-04

    雅思写作语法总结

    1. 时态问题:

    四种时态:一般现在时,现在进行时,现在完成时,一般将来时 一般现在时:第三人称单数, 现在进行时:表示逐渐的过程

    现在完成时: 表示结果,一般表示变化大,发展了。注意常用搭配:In recent years, In the past decades…

    一般将来时:will do

    2. 语态问题:主动为主,搭配被动。 常见被动语态结构:be done Am, is, are done Is being done

    Have/has been done Will be done

    Priorities should be given to education.

    3. 词法问题:

    名词: 泛指的名词要用复数,不加冠词。不可数名词用原型。 动词: 动词主要分为:实义动词,系动词,助动词,情态动词 Be

    感官动词(seem, feel)

    Seem reasonable, feel abandoned Do, does, did, Has, have, had, Will, shall Can do

    雅思写作语法总结(简洁全面) (4000字)

    1. pleasant and enjoyable多姿多彩的, 13. demanding 要求高的 2. boring, exhausting and stressful无聊的,14. detrimental 有害的

    繁重的, 压力大的 15. eccentric 古怪的 3. isolated, unsociable and depressed孤立16. economical 节俭的

    的,不善于社交的,和抑郁的 17. enlightened 开明的;文明的 4. addictive 上瘾的 18. evil 邪恶的 5. aggressive 有上进心的 19. exotic 异国的 6. balanced 平衡的 20. fashionable 时髦的 7. compatible 兼容的 21. feasible 可行的 8. complicated 复杂的 22. flexile 灵活多样的 9. confident 自信的 23. fruitful 有成效的 10. corrupt 腐败的 24. glamorous 富有魅力的 11. cutting-edge 尖端的 25. gorgeous 辉煌的 12. delicious 美味可口的 26. humane 人道的

    27. ignorant(of) 无视的;无知的 58. psychological 心理上 28. impressive 令人印象深刻的 59. rational 理性的 29. incompatible 不和适宜的 60. reverse 相反的 30. indifferent 冷漠的 61. rewarding 值得的 31. indispensable 不可或缺的 62. ridiculous 荒谬的 32. inexhaustible 取之不尽的 63. rigid 严格的 33. infectious 传染性的 64. rough 粗略的 34. influential 有影响力的 65. shabby 破旧不堪的 35. inhumane 不人道的 66. sheltered 受保护的 36. innocent 多管闲事的 67. sociable 好交际的 37. instructive 智力的 68. sole 唯一的 38. intellectual 智力的 69. stern/strict 严格的 39. interpersonal 密切的 70. stressful 有压力的 40. irreparable 不可弥补的 71. stylish 时髦的 41. loyal 忠诚的 72. superficial 表面现象的 42. luxurious 奢侈的 73. tempting 吸引人的 43. mature 成熟的 74. time-honored 久享盛名的 44. misleading 误导的 75. traditional 传统的 45. misrepresented 不如实叙述的 76. typical 典型的 46. money-oriented 向钱看的 77. unhealthy 不健康的 47. nourishing 有营养的 78. unified 同一标准的 48. old-fashioned/out of date 过时的 79. unique 独特的 49. perilous 危险的 80. unsociable 不善于社交的 50. permissive 宽容的;许可的 81. untimely 不和适宜的 51. pornographic 色情的 82. unwholesome 不健康的 52. potential 潜在的 83. vexing 令人烦恼的 53. practical 实际的;务实的 84. vivid 形象的 54. pressing 紧迫的 85. vulnerable 易受伤害的 55. prevailing 占主导地位的;流行的 86. well-grounded 有充足理由的 56. professional 专业的 87. wholesome 健康的 57. prosperous 繁荣昌盛的

    副词:使用副词是使句子变得生动的最简单的方式,一定要重点掌握!

    高分副词:

    1. Mainly=primarily=chiefly=mostly,

    9. merely=just=only, 2. 主要地

    3. properly=appropriately,适度地 10. unnecessarily 没必要, 4. increasingly 越来越 11. impulsively 冲动地, 5. understandably 可以理解, 12. especially 特别地, 6. overwhelmingly 占绝对优势地 , 13. entirely =completely=totally=entirely, 全7. instantly 快速地, 部地 8. clearly, radically 基本上 , 14. partly 部分地

    15. merrily 愉快地

    16. happily, mentally 心里上

    (psychologically) ,

    17. academically学术上的, 18. physically 生理上, 19. generally 总的来看, 20. keenly 急切地,

    21. seemingly 表面上看, 22. strikingly 明显地, 23. Utterly=completely, 24. somewhat=a little,

    25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. moderately 温和地,

    intensely=considerably 大量地, fiercely=severely 激烈地, superficially 表面上, virtually 实际上, vexingly 烦人地,

    greatly=highly 非常,大大地 specifically dramatically considerably

    4. 句法:

    1)简单句:主流句型,主要结构会使用就可以了。 1. 主谓(宾),例如: 2. 主系表,例如:

    切记:不能出现没有谓语,或者双谓语的情况,否则不能超过5分!!! 2)并列句: And, but, or both…and…,

    not only…but also…, neither…nor…, either…or…

    主语,谓语,宾语,状语

    连接词放在动词或形容词的前面

    主语+谓语 + by either doing A or doing B

    主语+谓语not only in terms of A, but more importantly/seriously,in terms of B 句子 + by either doing A or doing B

    3)复杂句: 宾语从句: 表述观点:

    认为: insist, maintain, hold, suggest, argue, 支持:favor, propose, support, agree, advocate, (be for, be in favor of) 反对:object, oppose (be against)

    Some people do believe that

    Some people are fully convinced that Some people assert that Some people deem that

    Some people argue that Some people claim that Some people doubt that Some people deny that What 引导的 What I learn What I see What I need

    主语从句:

    1. It is suggested in the graph that…(indicate, demonstrate, illustrate) It is reported that/estimated that/proved

    It is well-known/generally accepted/universally acknowledged 2. Whether S +V is a controversial issue.

    Whether we should do…depends on whether S +V 3. What we should do is to do….

    What we should pay attention to/ emphasize/stress is to do

    What teachers should emphasize is to tell students to practice more. What we are faced with is that … What we are confronted by is… the depletion of natural resources

    What we should solve immediately is that… What concerns us most is… What we am concerned with

    主语从句:it is …

    It is important/vital/crucial/pivotal/essential/significant(… 很重要)

    It is clear/evident/obvious/manifest/as clear as crystal/quite common(。。。 很明显) It is undoubted/undeniable/doubtless (。。。 毋庸置疑) It is a pity/a shame/a common sense/practice( 这是个常识)

    It is well/increasingly/widely/commonly/generally known/recognized/accepted/acknowledged (众所周知)

    It is conceivable that 可想而知

    It is desirable/admirable that 可取的 It is advisable that 最好做某事

    It is probable/possible/likely that 可能的 It is imperative that 必要的 it is preferable/profitable that

    It is hazardous/risky/perilous that 危险的 It must be stressed out that 必须要指出 It must be admitted that 必须要承认

    It is reported that 据报道

    It is suggested that 有人建议 It is assumed that 有人认为 It is estimated that 据估计

    It is always the case that 情况总是这样的

    It is not always the case that 情况不一定总是这样的 It follows that由此可见,

    表语从句: is 同位语从句:

    常用的:the fact/idea/belief/recognition/suggestion/proposal/attempt/effort that Be based on the belief that 基于这样的想法

    From the above discussion, we can safely draw the conclusion that… There is no evidence that… Despite the fact that….

    neglect/ignore/overlook/ lose sight of / be blind to/fail to consider the fact that忽视了某个事实 定语从句:

    定语从句: 名词(短定语)人,who,物, which, that… Those who+谓语

    主+谓, which (主)+

    雅思写作语法总结(简洁全面) (4000字)

    介词+引导词, some of which, two of which, few of whom 状语从句:

    as, since,

    for the simple reason that

    切记:有些词后面只能加名词: Because of Due to

    Owing to (好)

    Thanks to (多亏了)

    on account of=as a result of=thanks to=at the mercy of

    结果: …, so… …Thus, … …Therefore,… …Consequently,… …Hence, … As a result

    如此。。。以至于 So…that…

    Such…that…

    (有一个程度,有一个结果). 条件:(如果,只要) If 主谓,主谓

    ★原则:主将从现

    只要,在…情况下:

    as long as

    on condition that…

    provided that… under the circumstances that…

    让步(虽然)

    Though, although,

    Even if (即使)

    No matter + what, where, when, how….

    不可以写but

    Despite the fact that…

    虽然这个观点看起来有道理虽然这个观点看起来很合理,但是它站不住脚。

    Despite the fact that the view seems reasonable, it does not hold water.

    Reasonable though the view seems, it ….

    非谓语动词:

    动名词:

    1. 做主语

    Surfing the Internet offers a new way for people to relax.

    2. 做介词宾语

    play an important role in doing

    父母在塑造孩子的性格方面起了重要的作用。

    Parents play an important role in shaping children’s characters.

    be addicted to doing 做某事上瘾

    be fascinated by… 做某事着迷

    be obsessed with…做某事着迷

    be accustomed to doing…习惯了做某事

    be tired of doing 厌倦了

    3. 做动词宾语

    cannot stand doing 不能忍受做某事

    cannot bear doing不能忍受做某事

    Nobody can avoid being influenced by media.

    不定式: 1. 常用表达

    ★It is adj. for somebody to do something. 对某人来说做某事是。。。的。

    It is necessary for children to receive secondary education. 孩子们有必要接受中级教育。

    The advanced medical technology has made it possible for people to live longer than ever possible before. 先进的医疗科技室人们比过去活的更长成为可能。

    ★What we should do is to do…我们应该做的事情就是去做某事。

    父母应该做的事就是给孩子们适当的引导。

    父母应该做的事情就是给孩子适当的引导并且不断的鼓励他们。

    What parents should do is to give their children proper guidance and encourage them occasionally.

    The best way to do sth is to do sth

    (讨论类,解决方案)

    最好的减轻交通方面的压力的方法就是鼓励人们乘坐公交车。

    ★The best way to relieve pressure on traffic is to encourage people to take public transport.

    一个可能的解决方案就是制定合适的法律。

    A possible solution is to enact proper laws.

    2. 表示目的:

    In order to do…so as to

    3.固定短语:

    To make matters worse,

    To some extent,

    分词:

    分词的用法:做时间/原因/条件/让步,在主句前面

    做结果状语,在主句后面

    Seeing her, I smiled.

    Living on campus, you can benefit a lot.

    5. 加分结构:

    强调句型:

    It is +强调内容who/that+剩余内容

    只有教实践技能才能增加学生在将来工作市场的竞争力。

    It is the instruction of practical skills that can increase the students’ competition in the future job market.

    是老年人的孩子们应该照顾他们。

    It is the children of the elderly who should take care of them.

    Do

    Some people do believe that…

    It is the interaction of the two that shapes a person’s personality and dictates how that personality develops.

    It is the result of mere expression of our thoughts that we are able to communicate.

    We all do know what is right or wrong. It is through respect that each one of us can be recognized as a unique person in the world. 倒装句:

    Only 做状语

    So…that…倒装

    Not only…but also…倒装

    Only in this way can traditional culture be preserved.

    so人类是如此的自私,以至于自然资源已经处于耗竭的边缘。

    So selfish are human beings that natural resources are at the edge of drying up.

    2. never/rarely/hardly

    人们从来没有,特别是。。人,从来没有意识到做某事的重要性,直到。。。

    never/hardly have people ,+ especially __ , been aware of the importance/seriousness of doing sth until …

    Never有些父母从来没有意识到和孩子交流的重要性直到他们的孩子有了不适当的行为。 Hardly have some parents, especially single parents, have been aware of the importance of communicating with their children until their children have mistaken behaviors. improper conducts.

    3. On no account/under no circumstance/in no case 绝不

    On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge. 我们绝对不能忽略知识的价值。 我们绝对不应该拆除那些有美学价值和代表国家传统的建筑物。

    On no account/under no conditions can we demolish buildings that have aesthetic value and represents national traditions.

    虚拟语气:

    If 主语+过去式, 主语+would do

    If 主语+had done, 主语+would have done

    凡是和建议命令请求相关的词汇+从句时用should do 结构

    分词结构:

    These misconceptions do not remain isolated but become incorporated into a multifaceted, but organised, conceptual framework, making it and the component ideas, some of which are erroneous, more robust but also accessible to modification. While two fifths of the students provided the information that the rainforests provide oxygen, in some cases this response also embraced the misconception that rainforest destruction would reduce atmospheric oxygen, making the atmosphere incompatible with human life on Earth.

    An increasing exodus from their clinics, coupled with this and a number of other relevant surveys carried out in Australia, all pointing to orthodox doctors' inadequacies, have led mainstream doctors themselves to begin to admit they could learn from the personal style of alternative therapists.

    Every eruption is different, but put at its simplest, where there are weaknesses, rocks deep in the mantle, heated to 1,350℃, will start to expand and rise.

    改变顺序 (状语前置及插入语)

    把__句首的状语___插在后面句子主语的后面

    However, most people prefer to live in rural areas.

    Most people, however, prefer to live in rural areas.

    If kept in the zoos, they will enjoy better living conditions.

    Rare animals, if kept in the zoos, will enjoy better living conditions.

    Universities, when it is functioning well, should offer both theoretical knowledge as well as professional training.